CHAPTER 45. CONSERVATION OF PENNSYLVANIA
NATIVE WILD PLANTS

Subchap. Sec.

A.    GENERAL PROVISIONS … 45.1
B.    CLASSIFIED PLANTS … 45.11
C.    UNLAWFUL CONDUCT … 45.31
D.    WILD PLANT MANAGEMENT PERMITS … 45.41
E.    VULNERABLE PLANTS … 45.61
F.    PRIVATE WILD PLANT SANCTUARIES … 45.81
G.    PENALTIES … 45.91

Authority

   The provisions of this Chapter 45 issued under the act of June 23, 1982 (P. L. 597, No. 170) (32 P. S. § §  5301—5314), unless otherwise noted.

Source

   The provisions of this Chapter 45 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027; renumbered from 25 Pa. Code Chapter 82, June 7, 1996, effective June 8, 1996, 26 Pa.B. 2707, unless otherwise noted. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (180623) to (180624), (183027) to (183028) and (180627) to (180659).

Cross References

   This chapter cited in 17 Pa. Code §  11.211 (relating to natural resources); and 17 Pa. Code §  21.115 (relating to natural resources).

Subchapter A. GENERAL PROVISIONS


Sec.


45.1.    Scope.
45.2.    Definitions.
45.3.    Classified plant taxonomy.

§ 45.1. Scope.

 This chapter establishes a plant classification system, creates permit and license procedures and regulates other activities related to this Commonwealth’s native wild plant management. This chapter applies to vulnerable plants, to naturally occurring wild plants native to this Commonwealth and to activities and persons associated with them.

§ 45.2. Definitions.

 The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

   Act—The Wild Resource Conservation Act (32 P. S. § §  5301—5314).

   Export—The transfer of plants, or parts thereof, across state lines for profit.

   Ginseng—The plant species identified as Panax quinquefolius L.

   Naturally occurring—Plant species whose natural range occurs in this Commonwealth.

   Pennsylvania Endangered—A classification of plant species which are in danger of extinction throughout most or all of their natural range within this Commonwealth, if critical habitat is not maintained or if the species is greatly exploited by man. This classification also includes populations of plant species that have been classified as Pennsylvania Extirpated, but which subsequently are found to exist in this Commonwealth.

   Pennsylvania Extirpated—A classification of plant species believed by the Department to be extinct within this Commonwealth. The plants may or may not exist outside this Commonwealth. If plant species classified as Pennsylvania Extirpated are found to exist, the species automatically will be considered to be classified as Pennsylvania Endangered.

   Pennsylvania Rare—A classification of plant species which are uncommon within this Commonwealth because they may be found in restricted geographic areas or in low numbers throughout this Commonwealth.

   Pennsylvania Threatened—A classification of plant species which may become endangered throughout most or all of their natural range within this Commonwealth, if critical habitat is not maintained to prevent their further decline in this Commonwealth, or if the species is greatly exploited by man.

   Pennsylvania Vulnerable—A classification of plant species which are in danger of population decline within this Commonwealth because of their beauty, economic value, use as a cultivar or other factors which indicate that persons may seek to remove these species from their native habitats.

   Special Concern Population—A classification that is composed of colonies, groups or single individuals of a plant species that the Department has determined to be a unique occurrence deserving protection. Among the factors that may be used to classify a plant population within this category are the existence of unusual geographic locations, unisexual populations or extraordinarily diverse plant populations.

   Tentatively Undetermined—A classification of plant species which are believed to be in danger of population decline, but which cannot presently be included within another classification due to taxonomic uncertainties, limited evidence within historical records or insufficient data.

   Unlisted—Plant species which are native to this Commonwealth, presently capable of sustaining their populations successfully, not in need of protection currently and currently not included in classifications under this chapter.

   Wild plants—Naturally occurring native flora, except those commonly considered an agricultural commodity, including green and nongreen species or subspecies, variety or a part, product, seed or progeny thereof.

Source

   The provisions of this §  45.2 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027; amended June 18, 1993, effective June 19, 1993, 23 Pa.B. 2816. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (145367) to (145368) and (123445).

§ 45.3. Classified plant taxonomy.

 Nomenclature used to identify species taxonomy contained within Subchapter B is according to Kartesz, J. T. and Rosemarie Kartesz, 1980 A Synonymized Checklist of the Flora of the U. S., Canada, and Greenland, unless a different taxonomic source is indicated immediately following the scientific name.

Subchapter B. CLASSIFIED PLANTS


Sec.


45.11.    Pennsylvania Extirpated.
45.12.    Pennsylvania Endangered.
45.13.    Pennsylvania Threatened.
45.14.    Pennsylvania Rare.
45.15.    Pennsylvania Vulnerable.
45.16.    [Reserved].
45.17.    [Reserved].
45.18.    [Reserved].
45.19.    [Reserved].
45.20.    Special Concern Population.
45.21.    Tentatively Undetermined.

§ 45.11. Pennsylvania Extirpated.

 Plant species classified as Pennsylvania Extirpated are as follows:

Scientific NameCommon Name
Aeschynomene virginica (L.) BSP.Sensitive Joint-Vetch
Agalinis decemloba (Greene) PennellBlue-Ridge False-Foxglove
Agrostis altissima (Walt.) TuckermanTall Bentgrass
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng.Bearberry Manzanita
Asclepias rubra L.Red Milkweed
Astragalus neglectus (Torr. & Gray) SheldonCooper’s Milk-Vetch
Atriplex littoralis L.Seaside Orach
Berberis canadensis P. Mill.American Barberry
Buchnera americana L.Blue Hearts
Carex adusta BoottCrowded Sedge
Carex aenea Fern.Fernald’s Hay Sedge
Carex alopecoidea TuckermanFoxtail Sedge
Carex backii BoottRocky Mountain Sedge
Carex barrattii Schwein & Torr.Barratt’s Sedge
Carex chordorrhiza Ehrh. ex L.f.Creeping Sedge
Carex hyalinolepis Steud.Shore-Line Sedge
Carex nigra (L.) ReichardBlack Sedge
Carex sartwellii DeweySartwell’s Sedge
Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) BSP.Atlantic White Cedar
Commelina erecta L.Slender Day-Flower
Commelina virginica L.Virginia Day-Flower
Coreopsis rosea Nutt.Pink Tickseed
Crassula aquatica (L.) Schoenl.Water Pigmy-Weed
Crotonopsis elliptica Willd.Elliptical Rushfoil
Cynoglossum boreale Fern.Northern Hound’s Tongue
Cyperus polystachyos Rottb.Many-Spiked Flatsedge
Cypripedium candidum Muhl. ex Willd.Small White Lady’s-Slipper
Desmodium sessilifolium (Torr.) Torr. & GraySessile-Leaved Tick Trefoil
Distichlis spicata (L.) GreeneSea-Shore Salt-Grass
Draba reptans (Lam.) Fern.Carolina Whitlow-Grass
Echinacea laevigata (C. L. Boynt. & Beadle) BlakeSmooth Coneflower
Elatine americana (Pursh) Arn.Long-Stemmed Water-Wort
Eleocharis tricostata Torr.Three-Ribbed Spike-Rush
Eleocharis tuberculosa (Michx.) Roemer & SchultesLong-Tubercled Spike-Rush
Elodea schweinitzii (Planch.) CasparySchweinitz’s Waterweed
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) Muhl.Sugar Cane Plumegrass
Eriocaulon decangulare L.Ten-Angled Pipewort
Eriocaulon parkeri B. L. Robins.Parker’s Pipewort
Eryngium aquaticum L.Marsh Eryngo
Eupatorium album L.White Thoroughwort
Eupatorium leucolepis (DC.) Torr & GrayWhite-Bracted Thoroughwort
Euphorbia obtusata PurshBlunt-Leaved Spurge
Fimbristylis puberula (Michx.) VahlHairy Fimbry
Galactia regularis (L.) BSP.Eastern Milk-Pea
Galactia volubilis (L.) Britt.Downey Milk-Pea
Gentiana catesbaei Walt.Elliott’s Gentian
Gentianopsis procera (Holm) Ma.Lesser Fringed-Gentian
Helianthum angustifolius L.Swamp Sunflower
Hordeum pusillum Nutt.Little Barley
Hottonia inflata Ell.American Featherfoil
Hydrocotyle umbellata L.Many-Flowered Pennywort
Hypericum adpressum Bart.Creeping St. John’s-Wort
Hypericum denticuiatum Walt.Coppery St. John’s-Wort
Hypericum gymnanthum Engelm. & GrayClasping-Leaved St. John’s-Wort
Hypericum stans (Michx.) P. Adams & RobsonSt. Peter’s-Wort
Ilex glabra (L.) GrayInk-Berry
Itea virginica L.Virginia Willow
Juncus greenei Oakes & TuckermanGreene’s Rush
Koeleria cristata (L.) Pers.Junegrass
Leiophyllum buxifolium (Berg.) Ell.Sand-Myrtle
Lemna obscura (Austin) DaubsLittle Water Duckweed
Lespedeza stuevei Nutt.Tall Bush Clover
Limosella australis R.Br.Awl-Shaped Mudwort
Lobelia nuttallii Roemer & SchultesNuttall’s Lobelia
Ludwigia sphaerocarpa Ell.Spherical-Fruited Seedbox
Lycopodium sabinifolium Willd.Fir Clubmoss
Lycopodium selago L.Mountain Clubmoss
Matelea carolinensis (Jacq.) Woods.Carolina Milkvine
Micranthemum micranthemoides (Nutt.) Wettst.Nuttall’s Mud-Flower
Muhlenbergia capillaris (Lam.) Trin.Short Muhly
Myrica heterophylla Raf.Evergreen Bayberry
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.Virginia False-Gromwell
Ophioglossum vulgatum L. var. pycnostichum Fern.Adders Tongue
Panicum leibergii (Vasey) Scribn. (Gleason, H. A. and A. Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, (Second Edition)Leiberg’s Panic-grass
Panicum spretum Schultes (Gleason, H. A. and A. Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Spurned Panic-Grass
Phoradendron serotinum (Raf.) M. C. JohnstonChristmas Mistletoe
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walt.Carolina Leaf-Flower
Platanthera cristata (Michx.) Lindl.Crested Yellow Orchid
Platanthera leucophaea (Nutt.) Lindl.Prairie White-Fringed Orchid
Polygala lutea L.Yellow Milkwort
Populus heterophylla L.Swamp Cottonwood
Potamogeton alpinus BalbisNorthern Pondweed
Potamogeton praelongus WulfenWhite-Stemmed Pondweed
Prenanthes racemosa Michx.Glaucous Rattlesnake-Root
Proserpinaca pectinata Lam.Comb-Leaved Mermaid-Weed
Ranunculus hederaceus L.Long-Stalked Crowfoot
Rhododendron calendulaceum (Michx.) Torr.Flame Azalea
Rhynchospora fusca (L.) Ait.f.Brown Beaked-Rush
Rhynchospora gracilenta GrayBeaked-Rush
Ruellia caroliniensis (Gmel.) Steud.Carolina Petunia
Sabatia campanulata (L.) Torr.Slender Marsh Pink
Sabatia stellaris PurshSea Pink
Sagittaria stagnorum SmallWater Arrow-Head
Scirpus heterochaetus ChaseSlender Bullrush
Scutellaria serrata Andr.Showy Skullcap
Sisyrinchium arenicola Bickn.Sand Blue-Eyed Grass
Smilax pseudo-china L.Long-Stalked Greenbrier
Sparganium minimum (Hartm.) FriesSmall Bur-Reed
Spiraea virginiana Britt.Virginia Spiraea
Spiranthes magnicamporum SheviakLadies’-Tresses
Trifolium reflexum L.Buffalo Clover
Triglochin palustre L.Marsh Arrowgrass
Utricularia fibrosa Walt.Fibrous Bladderwort
Utricularia inflata Walt.Floating Bladderwort
Utricularia resupinata B. D. GreeneNortheastern Bladderwort
Vitis rupestris ScheeleSand Grape

Source

   The provisions of this §  45.11 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027; amended June 18, 1993, effective June 19, 1993, 23 Pa.B. 2816. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (123446) to (123449).

§ 45.12. Pennsylvania Endangered.

 Plant species classified as Pennsylvania Endangered are as follows:

Scientific NameCommon Name
Aconitum reclinatum GrayWhite Monkshood
Acorus americanus (Raf.) Raf.Sweet Flag
Agalinus paupercula (Gray) Britt.Small-Flowered False-Foxglove
Alisma plantago-aquatica L. var. americana Schultes & SchultesBroad-Leaved Water-Plaintain
Alnus viridis (Chaix) DC.Mountain Alder
Alopecurus carolinianus Walt.Tufted Foxtail
Amelanchier bartramiana (Tausch) M. RoemerOblong-Fruited Serviceberry
Ammania coccinea Rottb.Scarlet Ammannia
Anemone cylindrica GrayLong-Fruited Anemone
Arabis missouriensis GreeneMissouri Rock-Cress
Arethusa bulbosa L.Swamp-Pink
Arnica acaulis (Walt.) BSP.Leopard’s-Bane
Artemisia campestris L. ssp. caudataBeach Wormwood
(Michx.) Hall & Clements
Asplenium resiliens KunzeBlack-Stemmed Spleenwort
Aster borealis (Torr. & Gray) Prov.Rush Aster
Aster nemoralis Ait.Bog-Aster
Aster solidagineus Michx.Narrow-Leaved White-Topped Aster
Aster spectabilis Ait.Low Showy Aster
Boltonia asteroides (L.) L’Her.Aster-Like Boltonia
Cardamine pratensis L. var. palustris Wimm. & Grab. (Gleason, H. A. and A. Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Cuckooflower
Carex atherodes Spreng.Awned Sedge
Carex aurea Nutt.Golden-Fruited Sedge
Carex bebbii (Bailey) Fern.Bebb’s Sedge
Carex bicknellii Britt.Bicknell’s Sedge
Carex bullata SchkuhrBull Sedge
Carex careyana DeweyCarey’s Sedge
Carex collinsii Nutt.Collin’s Sedge
Carex crinita Lam. var. brevicrinis Fern. (Gleason, H. A. and A. Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Short Hair Sedge
Carex eburnea BoottEbony Sedge
Carex formosa DeweyHandsome Sedge
Carex garberi Fern.Elk Sedge
Carex geyeri BoottGeyer’s Sedge
Carex gravida BaileyHeavy Sedge
Carex mitchelliana M. A. CurtisMitchell’s Sedge
Carex pauciflora Lightf.Few-Flowered Sedge
Carex polymorpha Muhl.Variable Sedge
Carex pseudocyperus L.Cyperus-Like Sedge
Carex retrorsa Schwein.Backward Sedge
Carex typhina Michx.Cat-Tail Sedge
Carex viridula Michx.Green Sedge
Cerastium arvense (L.) var.Mouse-Ear Chickweed
villosissimum Pennell
Chasmanthium laxum (L.) YatesSlender Sea-Oats
Chenopodium foggii H. A. WahlFogg’s Goosefoot
Chrysogonum virginianum L.Green-and-Gold
Cirsium horridulum Michx.Horrible Thistle
Cladium mariscoides (Muhl.) Torr.Twig Rush
Clematis viorna L.Vase-Vine Leather-Flower
Clethra acuminata Michx.Mountain Pepper-Bush
Clitoria mariana L.Butterfly-Pea
Conioselinum chinense (L.) BSP.Hemlock-Parsley
Cryptogramma stelleri (Gmel) PrantlSlender Rock-Brake
Cymophyllus fraseri (Andr.) MackenzieFraser’s Sedge
Cynanchum laeve (Michx.) Pers.Smooth Swallow-Wort
Cyperus acuminatus Torr. & Hook.Short-Pointed Flatsedge
Cyperus diandrus Torr.Umbrella Flatsedge
Cyperus houghtonii Torr.Houghton’s Flatsedge
Cyperus refractus Engelm. ex Steud.Reflexed Flatsedge
Cyperus retrorsus ChapmanRetrorse Flatsedge
Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb.Small Yellow Lady’s-Slipper
Delphinium exaltatum Ait.Tall Larkspur
Desmodium humifusum (Muhl.) BeckTrailing Tick-Trefoil
Diarrhena obovata (Gleason) Bradenburg (Morris Arboretum, 1992 Pennsylvania Flora Database)American Beakgrain
Dicentra eximia (Ker-Gwal.) Torr.Wild Bleeding-Hearts
Dodecatheon meadia L.Common Shooting-Star
Dryopteris campyloptera (Kunze) ClarksonMountain Wood Fern
Echinochloa walteri (Pursh) HellerWalter’s Barnyard-Grass
Eleocharis caribaea (Rottb.) BlakeCapitate Spike-Rush
Eleocharis compressa Sullivant (Gleason, H. A. and A Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Flat-Stemmed Spike-Rush
Eleocharis elliptica KunthSlender Spike-Rush
Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schultes var. peasei Svenson (Fernald, M. L., Gray’s Manual of Botany, 1970, Eighth edition)Wright’s Spike-Rush
Eleocharis parvula (Roemer & Schultes) Link ex Buff. & Fingerh.Little-Spike Spike-Rush
Eleocharis pauciflora (Lightf.) Link var. fernaldii Svens. (Fernald, M. L., Gray’s Manual of Botany, 1970, Eighth edition)Few-Flowered Spike-Rush
Eleocharis quadrangulata (Michx.)Four-Angled Spike-Rush
Roemer & Schultes
Eleocharis rostellata Torr.Beaked Spike-Rush
Eleocharis tenuis (Willd.) Schultes var. verrucosa (Svenson) Svenson (Gleason, H. A. and A. Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Slender Spike-Rush
Elephantopus carolinianus Raeusch.Elephant’s-Foot
Epilobium strictum Muhl.Downey Willow-Herb
Equisetum variegatum Schleich. ex Weber & C. MohrVariegated Horsetail
Eriophorum gracile W.D.J. KochSlender Cottongrass
Eriophorum tenellum Nutt.Rough Cottongrass
Euphorbia ipecacuanhae L.Wild Ipecac
Euphorbia purpurea (Raf.) Fern.Glade Spurge
Festuca paradoxa Desv.Cluster Fescue
Frasera caroliniensis Walt.American Columbo
Galium labradoricum (Wieg.) Wieg.Labrador Marsh Bedstraw
Gaylussacia dumosa (Andr.) Torr. & GrayDwarf Huckleberry
Geranium bicknellii Britt.Cranesbill
Glyceria borealis (Nash) BatchelderSmall-Floating Manna-Grass
Glyceria obtusa (Muhl.) Trin.Blunt Manna-Grass
Gymnopogon ambiguus (Michx.) BSP.Broad-Leaved Beardgrass
Helianthemum bicknellii Fern.Bicknell’s Hoary Rockrose
Hemicarpha micrantha (Vahl) Britt.Common Hemicarpha
Heteranthera multiflora (Griseb) Horn. (Gleason, H. A. and A Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Multi-Flowered Mud-Plantain
Hieracium traillii GreeneMaryland Hawkweed
Hierochloe odorata (L.) Beauv.Vanilla Sweet-Grass
Hydrophyllum macrophyllum Nutt.Large-Leaved Water-Leaf
Iodanthus pinnatifidus (Michx.) Steud.Purple Rocket
Iris cristata Soland.Crested Dwarf Iris
Iris prismatica PurshSlender Blue Iris
Iris verna L.Dwarf Iris
Isotria medeoloides (Pursh) Raf.Small-Whorled Pogonia
Juncus brachycarpus Engelm.Short-Fruited Rush
Juncus dichotomus Ell.Forked Rush
Juncus longii Fern.Long’s Rush
Juncus militaris BigelowBayonet Rush
Juncus scirpoides Lam.Scirpus-Like Rush
Lespedeza angustifolia (Pursh) Ell.Narrowleaf Bushclover
Ligusticum canadense (L.) Britt.Nondo Lovage
Linum intercursum Bickn.Sandplain Wild Flax
Linum sulcatum RiddellGrooved-Yellow Flax
Listera australis Lindl.Southern Twayblade
Listera cordata (L.) R.Br.Heart-Leaved Twayblade
Listera smallii Wieg.Kidney-Leaved Twayblade
Lithospermum caroliniense (J. F. Gmel.) MacM.Hispid Gromwell
Lithospermum latifolium Michx.American Gromwell
Lobelia kalmii L.Brook Lobelia
Lobelia puberula Michx.Downy Lobelia
Lonicera oblongifolia (Goldie) Hook.Swamp Fly Honeysuckle
Lonicera villosa (Michx.) Roemer & SchultesMountain Fly Honeysuckle
Ludwigia decurrens Walt.Upright Primrose-Willow
Ludwigia polycarpa Short & PeterFalse Loosestrife Seedbox
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.Foxtail Clubmoss
Lycopodium porophilum Lloyd & UnderwoodRock Clubmoss
Lycopus rubellus MoenchTaper-Leaved Bugle-Weed
Lyonia mariana (L.) D. DonStagger-Bush
Marshallia grandiflora Beadle & F. E. BoyntonLarge-Flowered Marshallia
Matelea obliqua (Jacq.) Woods.Oblique Milkvine
Megalodonta beckii (Torr. ex Spreng.) GreeneBeck’s Water-Marigold
Mitella nuda L.Naked Bishop’s-Cap
Monarda punctata L.Spotted Bee-Balm
Montia chamissoi (Ledeb. ex Spreng.) GreeneChamisso’s Miner’s-Lettuce
Muhlenbergia uniflora (Muhl.) Fern.Fall Dropseed Muhly
Myriophyllum exalbescens Fern.Northern Water-Milfoil
Myriophyllum farwellii MorongFarwell’s Water-Milfoil
Myriophyllum heterophyllum Michx.Broad-Leaved Water-Milfoil
Myriophyllum verticillatum L.Whorled Water-Milfoil
Najas marina L.Holly-Leaved Naiad
Nelumbo lutea (Willd.) Pers.American Lotus
Onosmodium hispidissimum MackenzieFalse Gromwell
Ophioglossum engelmannii PrantlLimestone Adder’s Tongue
Oryzopsis pungens (Torr. ex Spreng.) A. S. Hitchc.Slender Mountain-Ricegrass
Panicum amarum Ell. var. amarulum (A. S. Hitchc. & Chase) P. G. Palmer (Morris Arboretum, 1992, Pennsylvania Flora Database)Southern Sea-Beach Panic-Grass
Panicum scoparium (Lam.) Gould (Morris Arboretum, 1992, Pennsylvania Flora Database)Velvety Panic-Grass
Panicum xanthophysum (Gray) Freckmann (Morris Arboretum, 1992, Pennsylvania Flora Database)Slender Panic-Grass
Parnassia glauca Raf.Carolina Grass-of-Parnassus
Passiflora lutea L.Passion-Flower
Paxistima canbyi A. GrayCanby’s Mountain-Lover
Phlox ovata L.Mountain Phlox
Phlox subulata L. ssp. brittonii (Small) WherryMoss Pink
Platanthera dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex BeckLeafy White Orchid
Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl.Leafy Northern Green Orchid
Poa autumnalis Muhl. ex Ell.Autumn Bluegrass
Polemonium vanbruntiae Britt.Jacob’s-Ladder
Polygala cruciata L.Cross-Leaved Milkwort
Polygala curtissii GrayCurtis’ Milkwort
Polygala incarnata L.Pink Milkwort
Polygonum careyi OlneyCarey’s Smartweed
Polygonum setaceum Baldw. ex Ell. var. interjectum Fern.Swamp Smartweed
Polystichum braunii (Spenner) FeeBraun’s Holly Fern
Populus balsamifera L.Balsam Poplar
Potamogeton friesii Rupr.Fries’ Pondweed
Potamogeton gramineus L.Grassy Pondweed
Potamogeton hillii MorongHill’s Pondweed
Potamogeton obtusifolius Mert. & KochBlunt-Leaved Pondweed
Potamogeton pulcher TuckermanSpotted Pondweed
Potamogeton strictifolius Benn.Narrow-Leaved Pondweed
Potamogeton tennesseensis Fern.Tennessee Pondweed
Potamogeton vaseyi J. W. RobbinsVasey’s Pondweed
Potentilla fruticosa L.Shrubby Cinquefoil
Potentilla paradoxa Nutt. ex Torr. & GrayBushy Cinquefoil
Potentilla tridentata (Soland) Ait.Three-Toothed Cinquefoil
Prenanthes crepidinea Michx.Crepis Rattlesnake-Root
Prunus maritima Marsh.Beach Plum
Prunus nigra Ait.Canada Plum
Ptilimnium capillaceum (Michx.) Raf.Mock Bishop-Weed
Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoides (Leavenw.) Fern.Southern Mountain-Mint
Pycnanthemum torrei Benth.Torrey’s Mountain-Mint
Quercus falcata Michx.Spanish Oak
Quercus phellos L.Willow Oak
Quercus shumardii Buckl.Shumard’s Oak
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex BigelowTufted Buttercup
Rhamnus lanceolata PurshLanceolate Buckthorn
Rhexia mariana L.Maryland Meadow-Beauty
Rhododendron atlanticum (Ashe) Rehd.Dwarf Azalea
Rhynchospora capillacea Torr.Capillary Beaked-Rush
Ribes missouriense Nutt. ex Torr. & GrayMissouri Gooseberry
Ruellia humilis Nutt.Fringed-Leaved Petunia
Sagittaria calycina Engelm. var.Long-Lobed Arrow-Head
spongiosa Engelm.
Scheuchzeria palustris L.Pod-Grass
Scirpus acutus Muhl. ex BigelowHard-Stemmed Bullrush
Scirpus ancistrochaetus SchuylerNortheastern Bullrush
Scirpus smithii GraySmith’s Bullrush
Scirpus torreyi OlneyTorrey’s Bullrush
Scleria minor (Britt.) W. StoneMinor Nutrush
Scleria reticularis Michx.Reticulated Nutrush
Scleria verticillata Muhl. ex Willd.Whorled Nutrush
Sedum rosea (L.) Scop.Roseroot Stonecrop
Senecio antennariifolius Britt.Cat’s-Paw Ragwort
Shepherdia canadensis (L.) Nutt.Canada Buffalo-Berry
Sida hermaphrodita (L.) RusbySida
Sisyrinchium atlanticum Bickn.Eastern Blue-Eyed Grass
Solidago arguta Ait. var. harrissii (Steele) Cronq.Harris’ Goldenrod
Solidago curtissii Torr. & GrayCurtis’ Goldenrod
Solidago erecta PurshSlender Goldenrod
Solidago spathulata DC. ssp. randii var.Sticky Goldenrod
racemosa (Greene) Gleason
Sorbus decora (Sarg.) Schneid.Showy Mountain-Ash
Sparganium androcladum (Engelm.) MorongBranching Bur-Reed
Spiranthes casei Catling & CruiseCase’s Ladies’-Tresses
Spiranthes ovalis Lindl.October Ladies’-Tresses
Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham.Hooded Ladies’-Tresses
Spiranthes vernalis Engelm. & GraySpring Ladies’-Tresses
Sporobolus clandestinus (Biehler) A. S. Hitchc.Rough Dropseed
Sporobolus cryptandrus (Torr.) GraySand Dropseed
Sporobolus heterolepis (Gray) GrayPrairie Dropseed
Stachys nuttallii Shuttlw. ex Benth.Nuttall’s Hedge-Nettle
Taenidia montana (Mackenzie) Cronq. (Gleason, H. A. and A. Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Mountain Pimpernel
Thalictrum coriaceum (Britt.) SmallThick-Leaved Meadow-Rue
Tomanthera auriculata (Michx.) Raf.Eared False-Foxglove
Trichostema setaceum Houtt.Blue-Curls
Trifolium virginicum SmallKate’s Mountain Clover
Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb.Nodding Pogonia
Triplasis purpurea (Walt.) ChapmanPurple Sandgrass
Trollius laxus Salisb. ssp. laxusSpreading Globe-Flower
Veronia glauca (L.) Willd.Tawny Ironweed
Viburnum nudum L.Possum Haw Viburnum
Viola brittoniana PollardCoast Violet
Viola pedatifida G. DonPrairie Violet
Vitis novae-angliae Fern.New England Grape

Source

   The provisions of this §  45.12 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027; amended June 18, 1993, effective June 19, 1993, 23 Pa.B. 2816. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (123449) to (123452).

Cross References

   This section cited in 7 Pa. Code §  128.102 (relating to protected designated areas).

§ 45.13. Pennsylvania Threatened.

 Plant species classified as Pennsylvania Threatened are as follows:

Scientific NameCommon Name
Aconitum uncinatum L.Blue Monkshood
Ammophila breviligulata Fern.American Beachgrass
Arceuthobium pusillum M. E. PeckDwarf Mistletoe
Aristida purpurascens Poir.Arrow-Feather Three-Awned Grass
Asplenium bradleyi D. C. Eat.Bradley’s Spleenwort
Aster depauperatus (Porter) Fern.Serpentine Aster
Aster novi-belgii L.Long-Leaved Aster
Bidens bidentoides (Nutt.) Britt.Swamp Beggar-Ticks
Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr.Tall Gramma
Camassia scilloides (Raf.) CoryWild Hyacinth
Carex alata Torr.Broad-Winged Sedge
Carex aquatilis Wahlenb.Water Sedge
Carex cryptolepis MackenzieNortheastern Sedge
Carex diandra SchrankLesser Panicled Sedge
Carex flava L.Yellow Sedge
Carex oligosperma Michx.Few-Seeded Sedge
Carex paupercula Michx.Bog Sedge
Carex prairea DeweyPrairie Sedge
Carex schweinitzii Dewey ex Schwein.Schweinitz’s Sedge
Carex sterilis Willd.Atlantic Sedge
Carex tetanica SchkuhrWood’s Sedge
Carex wiegandii MackenzieWiegand’s Sedge
Chamaesyce polygonifolia (L.) SmallSmall Sea-Side Spurge
Chrysopsis mariana (L.) Ell.Maryland Golden-Aster
Cimicifuga americana Michx.Mountain Bugbane
Cypripedium reginae Walt.Showy Lady’s-Slipper
Digitaria cognatum (Schultes) PilgerFall Witch-Grass
Dodecatheon amethystinum (Fassett) FassettJeweled Shooting-Star
Eleocharis intermedia SchultesMatted Spike-Rush
Eleocharis robbinsii OakesRobbins’ Spike-Rush
Ellisia nyctelea L.Ellisia
Erigenia bulbosa (Michx.) Nutt.Harbinger-of-Spring
Eriophorum viridicarinatum (Engelm.) Fern.Thin-Leaved Cottongrass
Euthamia tenuifolia (Pursh) GreeneGrass-Leaved Goldenrod
Fimbristylis annua (All.) Roemer & SchultesAnnual Fimbry
Gaylussacia brachycera (Michx.) GrayBox Huckleberry
Hypericum densiflorum PurshBushy St. John’s-Wort
Hypericum majus (Gray) Britt.Larger Canadian St. John’s-Wort
Ilex opaca Ait.American Holly
Juncus alpinus Vill.Richardson’s Rush
Juncus balticus Willd.Baltic Rush
Juncus brachycephalus (Engelm.) Buch.Small-Headed Rush
Juncus torreyi CovilleTorrey’s Rush
Lathyrus japonicus Willd.Beach Peavine
Lathyrus ochroleucus Hook.Wild Pea
Linnaea borealis L.Twinflower
Lobelia dortmanna L.Water Lobelia
Lycopodium appressum (Chapman) Lloyd & UnderwoodSouthern Bog Clubmoss
Magnolia tripetala (L.) L.Umbrella Magnolia
Magnolia virginiana L.Sweet Bay Magnolia
Melica nitens (Scribn.) Nutt. ex PiperThree-Flowered Melic Grass
Minuartia glabra (Michx.) Mattf.Appalachian Sandwort
Myrica gale L.Sweet Bayberry
Myriophyllum tenellum BigelowSlender Water-Milfoil
Najas gracillima (A. Braun) MagnusBushy Naiad
Nymphoides cordata (Ell.) Fern.Floating-Heart
Oenothera argillicola MackenzieShale-Barren Evening-Primrose
Panicum tuckermanii Fern. (Fernald, M. L., Gray’s Manual of Botany, 1970, Eighth edition)Tuckerman’s Panic-Grass
Poa paludigena Fern. & Wieg.Bog Bluegrass
Polygonum robustius (Small) Fern.Robust Smartweed
Potamogeton confervoides Reichenb.Tuckerman’s Pondweed
Potamogeton richardsonii (Benn.) Rydb.Red-Head Pondweed
Potentilla anserina L.Silverweed
Ptelea trifoliata L.Common Hop-Tree
Ranunculus longirostre Godr.Eastern White Water-Crowfoot
Ribes triste PallasRed Currant
Ruellia strepens L.Limestone Petunia
Salix candida Flugge ex Willd.Hoary Willow
Salix serissima (Bailey) Fern.Autumn Willow
Scirpus pedicellatus Fern.Stalked Bullrush
Scleria pauciflora Muhl. ex Willd.Few-Flowered Nutrush
Spiraea betulifolia Pallas ssp. corymbosa (Raf.) Taylor & MacBrydeDwarf Spiraea
Streptopus amplexifolius (L.) DC.White Twisted-Stalk
Talinum teretifolium PurshRound-Leaved Fame-Flower
Utricularia intermedia Hayne.Flat-Leaved Bladderwort
Utricularia minor L.Lesser Bladderwort
Viola appalachiensis HenryAppalachian Blue Violet
Vittaria appalachiana Farrar & Mickel (Morris Arboretum, 1992, Pennsylvania Flora Database)Appalachian Grass-Fern

Source

   The provisions of this §  45.13 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027; amended June 18, 1993, effective June 19, 1993, 23 Pa.B. 2816. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (123453).

Cross References

   This sesction cited in 7 Pa. Code §  128.102 (relating to protected designated areas).

§ 45.14. Pennsylvania Rare.

 Plant species classified as Pennsylvania Rare are as follows:

Scientific NameCommon Name
Amaranthus cannabinus (L.) SauerWaterhemp Ragweed
Andromeda polifolia L.Bog-Rosemary
Aplectrum hyemale (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.Puttyroot
Baccharis halimifolia L.Eastern Baccharis
Cakile edentula (Bigel.) Hook.American Sea-Rocket
Carex disperma DeweySoft-Leaved Sedge
Carex lasiocarpa Ehrh.Slender Sedge
Collinsia verna Nutt.Spring Blue-Eyed Mary
Cyperus engelmannii Steud.Engelmann’s Flatsedge
Cyperus schweinitzii Torr.Schweinitz’s Flatsedge
Eleocharis olivacea Torr.Capitate Spike-Rush
Gaultheria hispidula (L.) Muhl. ex BigelowCreeping Snowberry
Juncus filiformis L.Thread Rush
Juncus gymnocarpus CovilleCoville’s Rush
Ledum groenlandicum OederCommon Labrador-Tea
Lupinus perennis L.Lupine
Lygodium palmatum (Bernh.) Sw.Hartford Fern
Malaxis bayardii Fern. (Fernald, M. L., Gray’s Manual of Botany, 1970, Eighth edition)Bayard’s Malaxis
Menziesia pilosa (Michx.) Juss.Minniebush
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.Prickly-Pear Cactus
Orontium aquaticum L.Golden Club
Panicum commonsianum Ashe var. euchlamydeum (Skinners) Pohl (Morris Arboretum, 1992, Pennsylvania Flora Database)Cloaked Panic-Grass
Potamogeton robbinsii OakesFlat-Leaved Pondweed
Potamogeton zosteriformis Fern.Flat-Stemmed Pondweed
Prunus pumila L.Sand Cherry
Pyrularia pubera Michx.Buffalo-Nut
Ranunculus micranthus (Gray) Nutt. ex Torr. & GraySmall-Flowered Crowfoot
Rotala ramosior (L.) KoehneTooth-Cup
Sagittaria subulata (L.) Buch.Subulata Arrow-Head
Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash var. littorale (Nash) GouldSeaside Bluestem
Scirpus fluviatilis (Torr.) GrayRiver Bullrush
Sedum telephioides Michx.Allegheny Stonecrop
Senecio anonymus WoodPlain Ragwort
Solidago roanensis PorterTennessee Golden-Rod
Tipularia discolor (Pursh) Nutt.Cranefly Orchid
Trautvetteria caroliniensis (Walt.) VailCarolina Tassel-Rue
Trillium nivale RiddellSnow Trillium
Utricularia purpurea Walt.Purple Bladderwort
Wolffiella gladiata (Hegelm.) Hegelm.Bog-mat
Xyris montana Ries.Yellow Eyed Grass
Zizania aquatica L.Indian Wild Rice

Source

   The provisions of this §  45.14 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027; amended June 18, 1993, effective June 19, 1993, 23 Pa.B. 2816. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (123454) to (123456).

§ 45.15. Pennsylvania Vulnerable.

 Plant species classified as Pennsylvania Vulnerable are as follows:

Scientific NameCommon Name
Cypripedium pubescens Willd.Yellow Lady’s-Slipper
Hydrastis canadensis L.Golden-Seal
Panax quinquefolius L.Ginseng

§ 45.16. [Reserved].


Source

   The provisions of this §  45.16 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027; reserved June 18, 1993, effective June 19, 1993, 23 Pa.B. 2816. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (123456).

§ 45.17. [Reserved].


Source

   The provisions of this §  45.17 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027; reserved June 18, 1993, effective June 19, 1993, 23 Pa.B. 2816. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (123456).

§ 45.18. [Reserved].


Source

   The provisions of this §  45.18 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027; reserved June 18, 1993, effective June 19, 1993, 23 Pa.B. 2816. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (123456).

§ 45.19. [Reserved].


Source

   The provisions of this §  45.19 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027; reserved June 18, 1993, effective June 19, 1993, 23 Pa.B. 2816. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (123456).

§ 45.20. Special Concern Population.

 As of January 1, 1988, no plant species have been listed solely within the classification of Special Concern Population.

Source

   The provisions of this §  45.20 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027.

§ 45.21. Tentatively Undetermined.

 Plant species classified as Tentatively Undetermined are as follows:

Scientific NameCommon Name
Adiantum pedatum L. ssp. caulderi CodyNorthern Maidenhair Fern
Agalinis obtusifolia Raf.False-Foxglove
Aletris farinosa L.Colic-Root
Ambrosia psilostachya DC.Naked-Spiked Ambrosia
Amelanchier humilis Wieg.Low Serviceberry
Amelanchier obovalis (Michx.) AsheCoastal Juneberry
Amelanchier sanguinea (Pursh) DC.Roundleaf Serviceberry
Andropogon glomeratus (Walt.) BSP.Bushy Bluestem
Antennaria solitaria Rydb.Single-Headed Pussy-Toes
Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop.Western Hairy Rock-Cress
Aristida curtissii (Gray) NashPoverty Grass
Aristida longespica Poir. var. geniculata (Raf.) Fern.Long-Spike Three-Awned Grass
Aristolochia macrophylla Lam.Pipevine
Asclepias variegata L.White Milkweed
Aster dumosus L.Bushy Aster
Aster ericoides L.White Heath Aster
Aster firmus NeesFirm Aster
Carex buxbaumii Wahlenb.Brown Sedge
Carex crawfordii Fern.Crawford’s Sedge
Carex haydenii DeweyCloud Sedge
Carex limosa L.Mud Sedge
Carex longii MackenzieLong’s Sedge
Carex lupuliformis Sartwell ex DeweyFalse Hop Sedge
Carex meadii DeweyMead’s Sedge
Carex mesochorea MackenzieMidland Sedge
Cassia marilandica L.Wild Senna
Castilleja coccinea (L.) Spreng.Scarlet Indian Paintbrush
Chasmanthium latifolium (Michx.) YatesWild Oat
Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Aschers.Strawberry Goosefoot
Coeloglossum viride (L.) HartmanLong-Bracted Green Orchid
Corallorrhiza wisteriana ConradSpring Coral-Root
Crataegus brainerdii Sarg.Brainerd’s Hawthorne
Crataegus mollis (Torr. & Gray) ScheeleDowny Hawthorne
Cuscuta cephalanthi Engelm.Button-Bush Dodder
Cuscuta corylii Engelm.Hazel Dodder
Cuscuta polygonorum Engelm.Smartweed Dodder
Cyperus odoratus L.Rusty Flatsedge
Cyperus tenuifolius (Steud.) DandyThin-Leaved Flatsedge
Cystopteris laurentiana (Weatherby) BlasdellLaurentian Bladder-Fern
Desmodium glabellum (Michx.) DC.Tall Tick-Trefoil
Desmodium nuttallii (Schindl.) Schub.Nuttall’s Tick-Trefoil
Dracocephalum parviflorum Nutt.American Dragonhead
Elatine minima (Nutt.) Fisch. & MeySmall Water-Wort
Elodea canadensis L. C. Rich.Broad Waterweed (Male Plants)
Elymus virginicus L. var. submuticus Hook.Wild Rye
Epilobium palustre L.Marsh Willow-Herb
Eupatorium rotundifolium L.Round-Leaved Thoroughwort
Filipendula rubra (Hill) B. L. Robins.Queen-of-the-Prairie
Gentiana alba Muhl.Yellow Gentian
Gentiana saponaria L.Soapwort Gentian
Gentiana villosa L.Striped Gentian
Glyceria acutiflora Torr.Sharp-Flowered Manna-Grass
Goodyera tesselata Lodd.Checkered Rattlesnake-Plantain
Gratiola aurea PurshGolden Hedge-Hyssop
Gymnocarpium appalachianum Pryer & Windham (Morris Arboretum, 1992, Pennsylvania Flora Database)Appalachian Oak Fern
Hedyotis purpurea (L.) Torr. & GrayPurple Bluet
Hypericum drummondii (Grev. & Hook) Torr. & GrayNits-and-Lice
Juncus biflorus Elliott (Gleason, H. A. and A. Cronquist,, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Grass-Leaved Rush
Lathyrus palustris L.Vetchling
Lemna turionifera Landolt (Morris Arboretum, 1992, Pennsylvania Flora Database)Winter Duckweed
Leucothoe racemosa (L.) GraySwamp Dog-Hobble
Liatris scariosa (L.) Willd. var. novae-angliae LunellNew England Gay-Feather
Liatris scariosa (L.) Willd. var. nieuwlandii LunellNieuwland’s Gay-Feather
Lonicera hirsuta Eat.Hairy Honeysuckle
Luzula bulbosa (Wood) Rybd.Common Wood-Rush
Lysimachia quadriflora Sims.Four-Flowered Loosestrife
Lythrum alatum PurshWinged Loosestrife
Malaxis brachypoda (Gray) Fern.White Adder’s Mouth
Meehania cordata (Nutt.) Britt.Heartleaf Meehania
Muhlenbergia cuspidata (Nutt.) Rydb.Sharp-Pointed Muhly
Nuphar lutea (L.) Sibthorp & Sm. ssp. pumilum (Timm) E.O. BealYellow Cowlily
Oenothera pilosella Raf.Evening-Primrose
Oxydendrum arboreum (L.) DC.Sourwood
Oxypolis rigidior (L.) Raf.Stiff Cowbane
Panicum annulum Ashe (Morris Arboretum, 1992, Pennsylvania Flora Database)Annulus Panic-Grass
Panicum bicknellii Nash (Fernald, M. L., Gray’s Manual of Botany, 1970, Eighth edition)Bicknell’s Panic-Grass
Panicum boreale Nash (Gleason, H. A. and A. Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Northern Witchgrass
Panicum commonsianum Ashe var. commonsianum (Morris Arboretum, 1992, Pennsylvania Flora Database)Commons’ Panic-Grass
Panicum flexile (Gattinger) Scribn. (Gleason, H. A. and A. Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Wiry Witchgrass
Panicum longifolium Torr. (Gleason, H. A. and A. Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Long-Leaf Panic-Grass
Panicum longiligulatum Nash (Morris Arboretum, 1992, Pennsylvania Flora Database)Long-Ligule Panic-Grass
Panicum lucidum Ashe (Fernald, M. L., Gray’s Manual of Botany, 1970, Eighth edition)Shining Panic-Grass
Panicum recognitum Fern. (Morris Arboretum, 1992. Pennsylvania Flora Database)Fernald’s Panic-Grass
Panicum villosissimum Nash (Gleason, H. A. and A. Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Long-Haired Panic-Grass
Panicum yadkinense Ashe (Gleason, H. A. and A. Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Yadkin River Panic-Grass
Paronychia fastigiata (Raf.) Fern. var. nuttallii (Small) Fern.Whitlow Wort
Paronychia fastigiata (Raf.) Fern. var. paleacea Fern.Chaffy Whitlow Wort
Parthenium intergrifolium L.American Fever-Few
Paspalum floridanum (Michx.) var. glabratum Engelm. ex VaseyFlorida Beadgrass
Paspalum laeve (Michx.) var. pilosum Scribn.Field Beadgrass
Paspalum setaceum Michx.Slender Beadgrass
Phlox pilosa L.Downy Phlox
Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) GreeneLance Fog-Fruit
Physalis virginiana P. Mill.Virginia Ground-Cherry
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.Yellow Fringed Orchid
Platanthera hookeri (Torr. ex Gray) Lindl.Hooker’s Orchid
Platanthera peramoena (Gray) GrayPurple-Fringeless Orchid
Pluchea odorata (L.) Cass.Shrubby Camphor-Weed
Poa languida A. S. Hitchc.Drooping Bluegrass
Podostemum ceratophyllum Michx.Riverweed
Polygala polygama Walt.Racemed Milkwort
Polygonella articulata (L.) Meisn.Eastern Jointweed
Polygonum amphibium L. var. stipulaceum (Coleman) Fern.Stipuled Water-Smartweed
Polygonum ramosissimum Michx.Bushy Knotweed
Potamogeton filiformis Pers.Slender Pondweed
Potamogeton illinoensis MorongIllinois Pondweed
Potamogeton oakesianus J. W. RobbinsOakes’ Pondweed
Potamogeton perfoliatus L.Clasping-Stemmed Pondweed
Pycnanthemum pilosum Nutt.Hairy Mountain-Mint
Ranunculus flammula L.Lesser Spearwort
Ranunculus trichophyllus Chaix (Gleason, H. A. and A. Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Northeastern White Water-Crowfoot
Ratibida pinnata (Vent.) Barnh.Gray-Headed Prairie Coneflower
Rhamnus alnifolia L’HerAlder-Leaved Buckthorn
Rhynchospora globularis (Chapman) SmallSmall Globe Beak-Rush
Ribes lacustre (Pers.) Poir.Swamp Currant
Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser var. palustris (Gleason, H. A. and A Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 1991, Second Edition)Yellow Cress
Rosa virginiana P. Mill.Virginia Rose
Rubus cuneifolius PurshSand Blackberry
Rubus setosus BigelowSmall Bristleberry
Rumex hastatulus Baldw. ex Ell.Heart-Winged Sorrell
Salix petiolaris Sm.Meadow Willow
Salvia reflexa Hornem.Lance-Leaved Sage
Samolus parviflorus Raf. (Fernald, M. L., Gray’s Manual of Botany, 1970, Eighth edition)Pineland Pimpernel
Saxifraga micranthidifolia (Haw.) Steud.Lettuce Saxifrage
Scleria triglomerata Michx.Whip Nut-Rush
Scutellaria saxatilis RiddellRock Skullcap
Senecio plattensis Nutt.Prairie Ragwort
Sisyrinchium albidum Raf.Blue-Eyed Grass
Solidago purshii PorterPursh’s Goldenrod
Solidago rigida L.Hard-Leaved Goldenrod
Spiranthes tuberosa Raf.Little Ladies’-Tresses
Spirodela punctata (Mey.) C. H. ThompsonEastern Water-Flaxseed
Stachys hyssopifolia Michx.Hyssop Hedge-Nettle
Stylosanthes biflora (L.) BSP.Pencil-Flower
Taxus canadensis Marsh.American Yew
Tradescantia ohiensis Raf.Ohio Spiderwort
Trillium flexipes Raf.Declined Trillium
Triosteum angustifolium L.Yellow-Leaved Tinker’s-Weed
Tripsacum dactyloides (L.) L.Eastern Gamma-Grass
Uvularia puberula Michx.Mountain Bellwort
Veronica catenata PennellPennell’s Speedwell
Viburnum trilobum Marsh.Highbush Cranberry
Viola nephrophylla GreeneNorthern Bog Violet
Viola renifolia GrayKidney-Leaved White Violet
Viola tripartita Ell.Three-parted Violet
Vitis cinerea var. baileyana MunsonPossum-Grape
Wolffia borealis (Engelm.) Landolt (Morris Arboretum, 1992, Atlas of the Flora of Pennsylvania)Dotted Water-Meal
Zanichellia palustris L.Horned Pondweed

Source

   The provisions of this §  45.21 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027; amended June 18, 1993, effective June 19, 1993, 23 Pa.B. 2816. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (123456) to (123460).

Subchapter C. UNLAWFUL CONDUCT


Sec.


45.31.    General restrictions regarding threatened or endangered species.
45.32.    Plants in State Parks and State Forest lands.
45.33.    General restrictions regarding vulnerable plants.
45.34.    Restrictions regarding private wild plant sanctuaries.
45.35.    Compliance with regulations.

§ 45.31. General restrictions regarding threatened or endangered species.

 (a)  A person, other than the landowner, a person having a bona fide property interest in the affected land or Bureau of Forestry personnel in the performance of their official duties, may not disturb, pick, take, possess, destroy, mutilate, remove, collect or transplant plants classified as Pennsylvania Endangered or Pennsylvania Threatened, except as otherwise provided in this chapter.

 (b)  A person may not transport with the intent to sell, sell or export plants classified as Pennsylvania Endangered or Pennsylvania Threatened.

§ 45.32. Plants in State Parks and State Forest lands.

 A person may not disturb, pick or take wild plants from State Parks and State Forest lands, except as provided by this chapter, and Chapters 11, 21 and 23 (relating to general provisions; general provisions; and State Forest Picnic areas).

§ 45.33. General restrictions regarding vulnerable plants.

 (a)  A person, other than the landowner, a person having a bona fide interest in the affected land or Bureau of Forestry personnel in the performance of their official duties, may not disturb, pick, take or possess plants classified as Pennsylvania Vulnerable, except as otherwise provided in this chapter.

 (b)  A person may not buy, trade or barter plants classified as Pennsylvania Vulnerable, or parts thereof, with the intent to sell them within this Commonwealth, or export them from this Commonwealth, except as otherwise provided in this chapter.

§ 45.34. Restrictions regarding private wild plant sanctuaries.

 A person, other than the landowner or a person having a bona fide property interest in the affected land, may not willfully adversely alter or destroy the local ecosystem of a private wild plant sanctuary.

§ 45.35. Compliance with regulations.

 Violation of this chapter is punishable as provided in the act and §  45.91 (relating to penalties).

Subchapter D. WILD PLANT MANAGEMENT PERMITS


Sec.


45.41.    General requirements for a permit.
45.42.    Permit activities.
45.43.    Compliance with permit.
45.44.    Permit application contents.
45.45.    Permit fee; expiration of permit.
45.46.    Criteria for approval of a wild plant management permit.
45.47.    Conditions of permit.
45.48.    Reporting of new information.
45.49.    Transfer of permit prohibited.
45.50.    Revocation.

§ 45.41. General requirements for a permit.

 (a)  A person, other than the landowner, a person having a bona fide property interest in the affected land or Bureau of Forestry personnel in the performance of their official duties, may not remove, collect or transplant wild plants classified as Pennsylvania Endangered or Pennsylvania Threatened, unless the person has first applied for and obtained a wild plant management permit in writing from the Department.

 (b)  It is lawful to continue to possess Pennsylvania Endangered and Pennsylvania Threatened plant species that the holder has verified to the Department as being collected prior to January 1, 1988.

§ 45.42. Permit activities.

 (a)  The Department may issue permits to remove, collect or transplant wild plants classified as Pennsylvania Endangered or Pennsylvania Threatened, for the following activities:

   (1)  To conduct botanical and taxonomic studies.

   (2)  To transplant Pennsylvania Endangered or Pennsylvania Threatened wild plants from land areas threatened by future land development, surface mining, agricultural encroachment or other activities into public or private wild plant sanctuaries, to help assure their perpetuation as members of ecosystems.

   (3)  To transplant Pennsylvania Endangered or Pennsylvania Threatened wild plants into designated public and private wild plant sanctuaries to enhance their numbers or to restore their natural range.

 (b)  The holder of a valid wild plant management permit is permitted to disturb, pick, take and possess wild plants classified as Pennsylvania Endangered or Pennsylvania Threatened, if the activities are necessary to perform the activity for which the wild plant management permit is issued.

§ 45.43. Compliance with permit.

 A holder of a wild plant management permit shall act in compliance with the terms and conditions of the permit, the requirements of the act and this chapter and other applicable State law.

§ 45.44. Permit application contents.

 (a)  An application for a wild plant management permit under this subchapter shall be submitted to the Department in writing, upon forms to be provided by the Department.

 (b)  An application for a permit shall be accompanied by information such as maps, plans, specifications and other data as the Department may require in order to determine compliance with the standards, requirements and purposes of this chapter.

 (c)  Information set forth in the application shall be current, presented clearly and concisely and supported by appropriate references to technical or other written material made available to the Department.

 (d)  An application for a wild plant management permit shall contain the following information:

   (1)  The name, address and phone number of the applicant.

   (2)  A description of the activity for which the permit is sought.

   (3)  The plant species to be affected by the activity.

   (4)  The geographic locations of the activity.

   (5)  A statement that landowner consent will be obtained prior to the permitted activity.

   (6)  Documentation of the applicant’s botanical knowledge, experience and credentials.

   (7)  Wild plant management permit history, including the identification numbers of previous wild plant management permits that have been issued to the applicant.

   (8)  Other information the Department may require.

 (e)  An application for a permit shall be signed and verified by the applicant with a statement that the information contained in the application is true and correct to the best of the applicant’s knowledge, information and belief.

Source

   The provisions of this §  45.44 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027; amended June 18, 1993, effective June 19, 1993, 23 Pa.B. 2816. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (123463).

§ 45.45. Permit fee; expiration of permit.

 (a)  An application for a wild plant management permit shall be accompanied by a check for $5 payable to the ‘‘Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.’’

 (b)  A wild plant management permit remains valid for 1 year following the date of permit issuance.

§ 45.46. Criteria for approval of a wild plant management permit.

 An application for a wild plant management permit will not be approved unless the application affirmatively demonstrates, and the Department, in writing, finds the following:

   (1)  Potential threats exist to harm the wild plant population’s ability to perpetuate itself, and the habitat into which the plants will be transplanted is suitable or there is a justifiable need for collection of the wild plants for taxonomic and botanical studies.

   (2)  The applicant’s botanical knowledge and experience are sufficient to enable the applicant to carry out the activity applied for on the application.

   (3)  The application is accurate and complete and the requirements of the act and this subchapter have been satisfied.

   (4)  There is no history of past or continuing violations or conduct which indicate the applicant’s lack of ability or intention to comply with the act or this chapter.

   (5)  The proposed activity will not affect the continued existence of, or destroy or adversely modify, the critical habitat of wild plants classified as Pennsylvania Endangered or Pennsylvania Threatened.

   (6)  The proposed activity will perpetuate wild plants as members of ecosystems, enhance the numbers of the wild plants, restore the range of the wild plants or add to scientific knowledge.

   (7)  The assessment of the probable cumulative impacts of the activity indicate that the approval of the activity will be in the best interests of wild plant management.

§ 45.47. Conditions of permit.

 (a)  The permittee shall carry the wild plant management permit during the removal, collection or transplanting of wild plants, and shall present the permit for inspection upon request by a person authorized to enforce the act.

 (b)  The permittee shall report the results of the activity to the Department. The reports shall include the following:

   (1)  The method of specimen identification or transplanting procedure.

   (2)  The results of the activity.

   (3)  The problems encountered with the activity.

   (4)  The wild plant management permit number.

   (5)  The record of all Pennsylvania Endangered and Pennsylvania Threatened plant species collected or observed including their identity, location and date of collection.

   (6)  The complete label information for all resulting herbarium specimens including the location where specimens have been deposited.

   (7)  The written permission of the landowner on forms provided by the Department.

 (c)  The permittee shall submit a report of the results of transplanting activity to the Department, by October 31 next following the calendar year in which the transplanting was effected.

 (d)  The permittee shall submit a report of removal and collection activities performed for taxonomic studies to the Department by the end of the calendar year for which the permit was issued.

Source

   The provisions of this §  45.47 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027; amended June 18, 1993, effective June 19, 1993, 23 Pa.B. 2816. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (123464) to (123465).

§ 45.48. Reporting of new information.

 The permittee shall notify the Department of changes in facts or information stated in the application. Based upon the notice, the Department may require a new permit or take other appropriate action.

§ 45.49. Transfer of permit prohibited.

 A wild plant management permit is nontransferable.

§ 45.50. Revocation.

 (a)  The Department may revoke a wild plant management permit for good cause. Good cause includes, but is not limited to, the following factors:

   (1)  Failure to comply with this chapter or the act.

   (2)  Failure to comply with a term or condition of the permit.

   (3)  Changes in the circumstances described in the application for the permit which indicate that the activity no longer is in the best interests of wild plant management.

 (b)  A person whose permit has been revoked for the reasons listed in subsection (a)(1) and (2) is not eligible to apply for, and may not obtain, another wild plant management permit for a period of 2 years from the date of revocation.

Subchapter E. VULNERABLE PLANTS


Sec.


45.61.    Commercial license requirements.
45.62.    Contents of commercial license application.
45.63.    Criteria for license approval.
45.64.    Commercial license fee and expiration.
45.65.    Transaction records.
45.66.    Inspection and review.
45.67.    Transfer of license prohibited.
45.68.    Revocation.
45.69.    Vulnerable plant harvest seasons and conditions.
45.70.    Pennsylvania ginseng certification.
45.71.    Transfer of certificate prohibited.
45.72.    Possession of unsold ginseng.

§ 45.61. Commercial license requirements.

 A person may not buy, trade or barter Pennsylvania Vulnerable plants, or parts thereof, with the intent to sell them within this Commonwealth, or export these plants or parts from this Commonwealth, without first applying for and obtaining a commercial license in writing from the Department. A person may take or possess these plants if the activities are necessary to perform the licensed activity.

§ 45.62. Contents of commercial license application.

 (a)  An application for a license under this subchapter shall be submitted to the Department in writing, upon forms provided by the Department.

 (b)  An application for a commercial license shall be accompanied by information or data as the Department may require to determine compliance with the standards, requirements and purposes of the act and this chapter.

 (c)  Information set forth in the application shall be current and presented clearly and concisely.

 (d)  An application to obtain a commercial license shall contain the following information:

   (1)  The name, address and phone number of the applicant.

   (2)  The activity sought to be licensed.

   (3)  A brief and complete description of the applicant’s business as it relates to dealing in Pennsylvania Vulnerable plants.

   (4)  The address where books or records describing commercial transactions of Pennsylvania Vulnerable plants will be kept.

   (5)  The name, address and telephone number of the person authorized to make records or inventories of Pennsylvania Vulnerable plants available for examination by the Department.

   (6)  If the application is in the name of a business, the form of the business—for example, corporation, firm, partnership—and the name and address of each partner, officer, director and shareholder who owns 10% or more of the shares in the business.

   (7)  The common and scientific names of the Pennsylvania Vulnerable plant species for which a commercial license is sought.

   (8)  The commercial license history, including the identification numbers of previous commercial licenses that have been issued by the Department to the applicant.

   (9)  Other information the Department may require.

 (e)  An application shall be dated and signed by the applicant. Business applications shall be signed by a partner or officer, who shall set forth his title.

 (f)  An application for a commercial license shall be verified by the applicant with a statement that the information in the application is true and correct to the best of the applicant’s knowledge, information and belief.

§ 45.63. Criteria for license approval.

 An application for a commercial license will not be approved unless the application affirmatively demonstrates and the Department finds, in writing, the following:

   (1)  The application is accurate and complete and the requirements of the act and this chapter have been satisfied.

   (2)  There is no history of past or continuing violations or conduct which indicate the applicant’s lack of ability or intention to comply with the act or this chapter.

§ 45.64. Commercial license fee and expiration.

 (a)  An application for a commercial license will be accompanied by a check payable to the ‘‘Commonwealth of Pennsylvania’’ in the amount of $50.

 (b)  A commercial license expires on June 30 of the year next following the year of its issuance.

§ 45.65. Transaction records.

 (a)  The holder of a commercial license issued under this subchapter shall maintain transaction records. The transaction records shall include the following information regarding Pennsylvania Vulnerable plant activities:

   (1)  The names and addresses of persons from whom the licensee purchased or otherwise acquired the Pennsylvania Vulnerable plants, and the dates of purchase or acquisition.

   (2)  The names and addresses of persons to whom Pennsylvania Vulnerable plants were deposited, traded, sold, transferred, bartered, exported or otherwise disposed of, and the dates upon which these activities occurred.

   (3)  The scientific and common names of the plants.

   (4)  The county of origin of the plants.

   (5)  A description of the form of the plants—for example, whole plant, root, seeds, green or dry.

   (6)  The year of harvest of the plants.

   (7)  The weight, destination and date of export for each shipment of the plants that are exported.

   (8)  A statement of whether the plants are wild or cultivated.

   (9)  The weight in pounds and ounces and estimated number of the plants per transaction. For the purposes of evaluating the number of ginseng plants per transaction, the estimated number of ginseng plants will be determined by taking a sample from each transaction of the number of ginseng roots in 1 pound.

   (10)  Other information the Department may require.

 (b)  The holder of a commercial license shall keep transaction records required to be maintained by this subchapter for 5 years after the occurrence of the transactions to which the records relate. The records shall be made available to the Department upon request.

 (c)  The holder of a commercial license to deal in ginseng shall submit a dealer quarterly report relating to transaction records, on forms provided by the Department within 15 days of the end of each quarter of the calendar year. This dealer report shall be submitted to the Department and shall contain the following information for the quarter:

   (1)  The date of the report.

   (2)  The quarter in which transactions occurred.

   (3)  The name, address and phone number of the licensee.

   (4)  The license number and date issued.

   (5)  The weight in pounds and ounces of wild ginseng purchased or otherwise acquired from harvesters, by county of harvest, and a statement of whether the roots were green or dried.

   (6)  The average price per pound paid for wild ginseng.

   (7)  The weight in pounds and ounces of cultivated ginseng purchased or otherwise acquired from growers, by county of harvest, and a statement of whether the roots were green or dried.

   (8)  The average price per pound for cultivated ginseng.

   (9)  The weight in pounds and ounces of ginseng purchased or otherwise acquired from other licensees, and a statement of whether the purchased or acquired ginseng was wild or cultivated and if roots were green or dried.

   (10)  The number of pounds and ounces of wild ginseng and of cultivated ginseng in the licensee’s possession on the reporting date.

   (11)  The weight in pounds and ounces of ginseng sold, traded or bartered, whether the ginseng was wild or cultivated and if roots were dried or green.

   (12)  The identification number of State certificates used to ship ginseng from this Commonwealth.

   (13)  Other information the Department may require.

 (d)  The holder of a commercial license to buy and sell ginseng shall submit an annual dealer report for the prior calendar year. The annual dealer report shall be completed on forms supplied by the Department and shall contain the information required in subsection (c) compiled for the previous calendar year. The report shall be submitted annually for the prior calendar year to the Department within 15 days of the beginning of the calendar year.

Source

   The provisions of this §  45.65 adopted December 4, 1987, effective January 1, 1988, 17 Pa.B. 5027; amended June 18, 1993, effective June 19, 1993, 23 Pa.B. 2816. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (123467) to (123468).

§ 45.66. Inspection and review.

 The licensee shall make available for inspection by the Department transaction records and Pennsylvania Vulnerable plant materials to be sold, traded, bartered or exported and that are on the premises. The records shall be made available for copying by the Department.

§ 45.67. Transfer of license prohibited.

 A commercial license is nontransferable.

§ 45.68. Revocation.

 (a)  The Department may revoke a commercial license it has issued, for good cause. Good cause includes, but is not limited to, the following factors:

   (1)  Failure to comply with this chapter or the act.

   (2)  Failure to comply with a term or condition of the license.

 (b)  A person whose commercial license has been revoked is not eligible to apply for, and may not obtain, another commercial license for a period of 2 years from the date of revocation.

§ 45.69. Vulnerable plant harvest seasons and conditions.

 (a)  A person may not harvest ginseng except in compliance with applicable law, this chapter and the following restrictions:

   (1)  A person may harvest ginseng plants only from September 1 through November 30.

   (2)  Only mature ginseng plants with at least three leaves of five leaflets each may be harvested and only when the berries are red.

   (3)  Persons harvesting ginseng plants shall plant the seeds from the plants in the immediate vicinity of the collection site.

 (b)  A person may not possess harvested, green ginseng roots between April 1 and September 1 of a calendar year.

 (c)  A person may not harvest Pennsylvania Vulnerable plants other than ginseng except in compliance with applicable law, this chapter and the following restrictions:

   (1)  A person may harvest the plants only if they are mature and the current year’s seeds have matured.

   (2)  A person harvesting the plants shall plant the seeds from the plants in the immediate vicinity of the collection site.

   (3)  A person may not harvest the plants in a way that will harm the species’ ability to perpetuate itself successfully.

 (d)  The permitted harvesting of Pennsylvania Vulnerable plants includes picking, taking, digging, disturbing and possessing the plants if the activities are necessary to legally harvest the plants. Possession of legally taken Pennsylvania Vulnerable plants is permitted.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  45.69 amended under section 7 of the Wild Resource Conservation Act (32 P. S. §  5307); and sections 305 and 313 of the Conservation and Natural Resources Act (71 P. S. § §  1340.305 and 1340.313).

Source

   The provisions of this §  45.69 amended July 19, 2013, effective July 20, 2013, 43 Pa.B. 4077. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (217152).

§ 45.70. Pennsylvania ginseng certification.

 (a)  A person may not export Pennsylvania ginseng from this Commonwealth without first obtaining a commercial license and a Pennsylvania ginseng certificate.

 (b)  A Pennsylvania ginseng certificate shall be required for each export shipment of Pennsylvania ginseng.

 (c)  To be certified, the state of origin for wild ginseng or cultivated ginseng shall be Pennsylvania.

 (d)  A Pennsylvania ginseng certificate will not be issued unless the licensee presents the shipment to the Department at a designated facility and presents the following information on a Pennsylvania ginseng certificate application form, available from the Department:

   (1)  The licensee’s name and commercial license number.

   (2)  The date of the application.

   (3)  The name and address of buyer and export destination.

   (4)  A statement of whether the ginseng is wild or cultivated.

   (5)  A statement of whether the ginseng is green or dry.

   (6)  The year of harvest of ginseng being certified.

   (7)  The state of origin.

   (8)  The weight in pounds and ounces written numerically and in full and verified by a weigh slip from a Commonwealth certified weigh station or scale.

   (9)  The shipment number.

   (10)  Other information the Department may require.

 (e)  The Pennsylvania ginseng certificate application shall be verified by the licensee with a statement that the information contained in the form is true and correct to the best of the licensee’s knowledge, information and belief, and that the ginseng was legally taken under this chapter and applicable law.

 (f)  The Department may countersign the application and issue a Pennsylvania ginseng certificate if the Department is satisfied that the information in the application is complete, and if the Department finds that a representative sample supports the information in the application.

§ 45.71. Transfer of certificate prohibited.

 A Pennsylvania ginseng certificate is nontransferable.

§ 45.72. Possession of unsold ginseng.

 (a)  A licensee who has ginseng unsold on March 31 of the year after harvest is required to obtain a weigh slip for the unsold ginseng from a Commonwealth certified weigh station or scale and submit a copy of that slip to the Department by May 1.

 (b)  A licensee may not obtain a Pennsylvania ginseng certificate to export unsold ginseng in the licensee’s possession in excess of the amount shown on the weigh slip.

Subchapter F. PRIVATE WILD PLANT SANCTUARIES


Sec.


45.81.    Establishment.
45.82.    Purpose.
45.83.    Application.
45.84.    Criteria for issuance of designation.
45.85.    Responsibilities.
45.86.    Withdrawal of designation.
45.87.    Revocation.
45.88.    Private wild plant sanctuary restrictions.
45.89.    Transfer of private wild plant sanctuary designation prohibited.

§ 45.81. Establishment.

 The Department may designate sites as private wild plant sanctuaries upon request.

§ 45.82. Purpose.

 This subchapter provides protection for this Commonwealth’s native wild plants and their habitat.

§ 45.83. Application.

 (a)  An application for private wild plant sanctuary designation shall be concurred in by all parties with an interest in the land and submitted to the Department by the landowner on forms provided by the Department. The forms shall contain a space for the signatures of all parties with an interest in the land, indicating their approval for private wild plant sanctuary designation.

 (b)  An application for private wild plant sanctuary designation shall contain the following information:

   (1)  The name, address and phone number of applicant.

   (2)  The location of the area to be designated, including a copy of a U.S.G.S. 7½ minute quadrangle or part thereof with the location plotted thereon.

   (3)  The size of the area.

   (4)  A description of the area including:

     (i)   Classified plant species existing on the site.

     (ii)   Habitat description.

   (5)  Other current and planned uses of the area.

   (6)  Other information the Department may require.

 (c)  An application for private wild plant sanctuary designation shall be verified by the applicant with a statement that the information contained in the application is true and correct to the best of the applicant’s knowledge, information and belief.

§ 45.84. Criteria for issuance of designation.

 A designation of private wild plant sanctuary will not be made unless the applicant demonstrates and the Department finds the following:

   (1)  The proposed private wild plant sanctuary will benefit and provide protection for native wild plants and their habitats.

   (2)  The area proposed for private wild plant sanctuary designation is relatively undisturbed.

   (3)  The area contains an occurrence of a classified native wild plant species, is a habitat suitable for a classified native wild plant species, or is deemed by the Department to be a unique habitat or plant community; or if designated, the area would significantly enhance efforts to protect classified native wild plants.

§ 45.85. Responsibilities.

 (a)  The landowner of a designated private wild plant sanctuary shall utilize the designated lands and waters in a manner consistent with the purposes of sanctuary designation.

 (b)  The landowner shall notify the Department, in writing, of the following:

   (1)  An intent to sell or transfer ownership of the land on which the designated private wild plant sanctuary is located.

   (2)  Threats to the designated private wild plant sanctuary or the classified native wild plants within.

   (3)  Significant habitat changes within the designated private wild plant sanctuary.

   (4)  A proposed change in land use of the designated area.

§ 45.86. Withdrawal of designation.

 Designation as a private wild plant sanctuary may be withdrawn at the request of the landowner.

§ 45.87. Revocation.

 The Department may revoke designation of a private wild plant sanctuary for good cause. Good cause includes, but is not limited to, the following factors:

   (1)  Degradation of the private wild plant sanctuary site.

   (2)  Failure to comply with a term or condition of the private wild plant sanctuary designation.

   (3)  Failure to comply with the act or this chapter.

   (4)  Failure to utilize the lands in a manner deemed by the Department to be consistent with the purposes of private wild plant sanctuary designation.

§ 45.88. Private wild plant sanctuary restrictions.

 A person, other than the landowner or a person having a bona fide property interest in the affected land, may not willfully adversely alter or destroy the local ecosystem of a private wild plant sanctuary.

§ 45.89. Transfer of private wild plant sanctuary designation prohibited.

 Private wild plant sanctuary designations are nontransferable.

Subchapter G. PENALTIES


Sec.


45.91.    Penalties.

§ 45.91. Penalties.

 Penalties for unlawful conduct are established by the act as follows:

   (1)  A person who violates a provision of the act relating to commercial licensing, or regulations issued thereunder, shall be sentenced to pay a fine of not more than $200, or have the license revoked, or both.

   (2)  A person found to be illegally in possession of a wild plant species or part thereof protected by this chapter, or a person who willfully destroys or mutilates an endangered plant species protected by this chapter, shall be sentenced to pay a fine of up to $100 for each plant taken or destroyed.

   (3)  A person who violates other provisions of the act or this chapter shall, for violation, be sentenced to pay a fine of not more than $100.

Cross References

   This section cited in 17 Pa. Code §  45.35 (relating to compliance with regulations).



No part of the information on this site may be reproduced for profit or sold for profit.

This material has been drawn directly from the official Pennsylvania Code full text database. Due to the limitations of HTML or differences in display capabilities of different browsers, this version may differ slightly from the official printed version.