Subchapter G. MEDICAL DOCTOR
DELEGATION OF MEDICAL SERVICES
The provisions of this Subchapter G issued under section 17(b) of the Medical Practice Act of 1985 (63 P. S. § 422.17(b)), unless otherwise noted.
The provisions of this Subchapter G adopted January 2, 2004, effective January 3, 2004, 33 Pa.B. 43, unless otherwise noted.
§ 18.401. Definitions.
The following words and terms, when used in this subchapter, have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
Emergency medical services personnelIndividuals who deliver emergency medical services and who are regulated by the Department of Health under the Emergency Medical Services Act (35 P. S. § § 69216938).
§ 18.402. Delegation.
(a) A medical doctor may delegate to a health care practitioner or technician the performance of a medical service if the following conditions are met:
(1) The delegation is consistent with the standards of acceptable medical practice embraced by the medical doctor community in this Commonwealth. Standards of acceptable medical practice may be discerned from current peer reviewed medical literature and texts, teaching facility practices and instruction, the practice of expert practitioners in the field and the commonly accepted practice of practitioners in the field.
(2) The delegation is not prohibited by the statutes or regulations relating to other health care practitioners.
(3) The medical doctor has knowledge that the delegatee has education, training, experience and continued competency to safely perform the medical service being delegated.
(4) The medical doctor has determined that the delegation to a health care practitioner or technician does not create an undue risk to the particular patient being treated.
(5) The nature of the service and the delegation of the service has been explained to the patient and the patient does not object to the performance by the health care practitioner or technician. Unless otherwise required by law, the explanation may be oral and may be given by the physician or the physicians designee.
(6) The medical doctor assumes the responsibility for the delegated medical service, including the performance of the service, and is available to the delegatee as appropriate to the difficulty of the procedure, the skill of the delegatee and risk level to the particular patient.
(b) A medical doctor may not delegate the performance of a medical service if performance of the medical service or if recognition of the complications or risks associated with the delegated medical service requires knowledge and skill not ordinarily possessed by nonphysicians.
(c) A medical doctor may not delegate a medical service which the medical doctor is not trained, qualified and competent to perform.
(d) A medical doctor is responsible for the medical services delegated to the health care practitioner or technician.
(e) A medical doctor may approve a standing protocol delegating medical acts to another health care practitioner who encounters a medical emergency that requires medical services for stabilization until the medical doctor or emergency medical services personnel are available to attend to the patient.
(f) This section does not prohibit a health care practitioner who is licensed or certified by a Commonwealth agency from practicing within the scope of that license or certificate or as otherwise authorized by law. For example, this section is not intended to restrict the practice of certified registered nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, certified registered nurse practitioners, physician assistants, or other individuals practicing under the authority of specific statutes or regulations.
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