§ 175.160. Inspection procedure.
(a) External inspection. An external inspection shall be performed as follows:
(1) Verify ownership, legality and proof of financial responsibility. For the purpose of this subchapter, ownership and legality shall be proven by a vehicle registration card, certificate of title or manufacturers statement of origin. When a vehicle being held for resale is presented for inspection by a dealer licensed to sell vehicles in this Commonwealth, a VIN-specific auction slip or VIN-specific secure power of attorney evidencing the dealerships acquisition of the vehicle, or both, may be presented instead of a vehicle registration card, certificate of title or manufacturers statement of origin. Reject if one or more of the following apply:
(i) When vehicle ownership and legality are demonstrated by presentation of certificate of title, manufacturers statement of origin, VIN-specific auction slip or VIN-specific secure power of attorney:
(A) The VIN is not in agreement with the certificate of title, manufacturers statement of origin, VIN-specific auction slip or VIN-specific secure power of attorney. Exception: If only one digit is incorrect or two digits are transposed, and the owner provides evidence that the appropriate Department form has been completed to correct the error or transposition.
(B) The VIN plate is not securely fastened or is defaced, misplaced or missing.
(ii) When vehicle ownership and legality are demonstrated by presentation of vehicle registration card.
(A) The license plate is not in agreement with the numbers on the vehicle registration card. Exception: If only one digit is incorrect or two digits are transposed, and the owner provides evidence that the appropriate Department form has been completed to correct an error or transposition.
(B) The license plate is hanging loosely from its mounting bracket.
(C) The license plate is obscured so that the numbers cannot be identified.
(D) The license plate lamp, if so equipped, does not illuminate the license plate.
(iii) Acceptable proof of financial responsibility is not provided. For the purpose of this chapter, financial responsibility shall be proven by one of the following documents:
(A) A valid financial responsibility identification card issued in accordance with 31 Pa. Code (relating to insurance).
(B) The declaration page of a valid insurance policy.
(C) A valid self-insurance identification card.
(D) A valid binder of insurance issued by an insurance company licensed to sell motor vehicle liability insurance in this Commonwealth.
(E) A valid insurance policy issued by an insurance company licensed to sell motor vehicle liability insurance in this Commonwealth.
(2) Check the glazing.
(i) Reject if one or more of the following apply:
(A) Approved safety glazing is not used in the windscreen.
(B) A sign, poster or other material whose design prevents a driver from seeing through the material, obstructs, obscures or impairs the drivers clear view of the highway or an intersecting highway.
(C) A vehicle displays a sticker other than those prescribed under § 175.147(c) (relating to glazing), or displays a parking sticker in a location described in § 175.147(d).
(D) The glass is shattered, broken or has any exposed sharp edges.
(E) There are defects in an acute area of the windscreencenter of the critical area on the drivers side of the vehicle directly in the drivers normal line of vision, 8 1/2 inches wide and 5 1/2 inches highor discolorations or hazardous cracks which would interfere with the drivers vision.
(ii) This paragraph does not prohibit the use of a product or material along the top edge of the windscreen as long as the product or material is transparent and does not encroach upon the AS-1 portion of the windscreen as provided by FMVSS No. 205, and the product or material is not more than 3 inches from the top of the windscreen.
(3) Check the mirrors and reject if one or more of the following apply:
(i) The mirror is cracked, broken or discolored.
(ii) The mirror will not hold adjustment.
(iii) The mirror does not provide a minimum reflective surface of 12 1/2 square inches for a flat mirror or 10 square inches for a convex mirror.
(iv) Outside rearview mirrors, with a minimum reflective surface as described in § 175.148(b) (relating to mirrors), are not installed on both sides of the motorcycle, if a certificate of exemption for a sun screening device or other material has been issued by the Department. See § 175.264 (relating to mirrors). A vehicle for which a certificate of exemption has been issued for medical reasons may be equipped with only a left outside rearview mirror, unless originally equipped with an outside rearview mirror on both sides of the vehicle.
(4) Check the fenders and reject if any of the following apply:
(i) A fenderfront or rearhas been removed.
(ii) A fender is not of a type and size used as original equipment.
(5) Check the flooring and floor beds if applicable and reject if any of the following apply:
(i) The flooring or floor beds are not in a condition constructed to support occupants and cargo.
(ii) The floor pan is rusted through so as to cause a hazard to occupants or to permit exhaust gases to enter passenger compartment.
(6) Check the lamps and lenses and reject if one or more of the following apply:
(i) An exterior bulb or sealed beam, if originally equipped or installed, fails to light properly, except ornamental lights.
(ii) The turn signal lamps do not flash between 60120 flashes per minute.
(iii) The turn signal lamps do not properly indicate right or left when so switched.
(iv) The lamp shows a color contrary to Tables IV or V (relating to required motor vehicle lighting equipment; and location of required equipment), as applicable.
(v) The lamp or filament indicated at switch position does not light when the correct switch indicates the lamp should be on.
(vi) The lamp has a missing or broken lens.
(vii) A required lamp is missing.
(viii) Auxiliary equipment is placed on, in or front of any lamp.
(ix) The fog lamps operate with the high beams of headlamps.
(x) Auxiliary driving lamps operate with the low beam of the standard headlamp system or alone.
(xi) The headlamps are out of adjustment as follows:
(A) Mechanical aimer, if any of the following apply:
(I) Horizontal aim is more than 4 inches to the left or right.
(II) Vertical aim is higher or lower than 4 inches from the center.
(B) Screen or photo electric type tester. See Charts 13 (relating to aiming screen distance and marking identification; high beam inspection limits; and low beam inspection limits).
(I) Turn the lamps on high beam and reject if the center of the beam is horizontally more than 4 inches to the right or left of straight ahead or if the center of the light beam is vertically more than 4 inches above or below the horizontal line.
(II) Turn the lamps on low beam and reject if the upper edge of beam is more than 4 inches above or below the horizontal centerline of the headlamp or if the inner edge of the beam is more than 4 inches to the right or left of the vertical line.
(7) Check for protruding metal and reject if torn metal, glass or other loose or dislocated parts protrude from the surface of the vehicle so as to create a hazard.
(8) Check the fuel tank cap and reject if the fuel tank filler cap is missing.
(b) Internal inspection. An internal inspection shall be performed as follows:
(1) Check the high beam and turn signal indicator lights and reject if the indicator lights are not working.
(2) Check the horn and reject if any of the following apply:
(i) There is no horn or other acceptable audible warning device.
(ii) The horn or other warning device is not audible under normal conditions for a distance of not less than 200 feet.
(iii) The vehicle is equipped with a siren, bell, whistle or a device emitting harsh or unreasonably loud sound, except on emergency vehicles and vehicles equipped with an anti-theft device.
(3) Check the brake system by doing visual inspection. If the vehicle is equipped with view ports or mechanical brake wear indicators, wheels do not have to be pulled but the mechanic shall determine if lining should be replaced. Reject if one or more of the following apply:
(i) Brake control travel exceeds 80% of total available travel.
(ii) Brake control fades while the vehicle is stopped.
(iii) There is excessive friction in the control linkage or components or control levers are misaligned or improperly positioned.
(iv) The drums or rotors are scored deeper than .015 inch.
(v) There is mechanical damage other than wear.
(vi) The inside diameter of the drum is greater than the maximum diameter stamped on the drum or greater than .090 inch over the original drum diameter for unmarked drums.
(vii) The disc thickness is less than the minimum stamped on assembly or less than the manufacturers specifications.
(viii) The bonded linings are less than 1/32 inch at the thinnest point.
(ix) The riveted linings are less than 1/32 inch above the rivet head at the thinnest point.
(x) The lining is broken; not firmly attached to the shoe; or contaminated with oil, grease or another substance that would affect proper brake operation.
(xi) The master cylinder leaks.
(xii) The hydraulic hoses or lines leak or are disconnected, flattened or restricted.
(xiii) The hydraulic booster for the power brake system is leaking or inoperative or has excessively worn belts.
(xiv) Mechanical indicator shows that pads should be replaced.
(4) Check the motor mounts and reject if motor mounts are broken, cracked or missing.
(5) Check the fuel systems and controls and reject if any of the following apply:
(i) There is liquid fuel leakage at any point in the system.
(ii) Part of the fuel line is not securely fastened.
(iii) A fuel tank or line was not specifically designed or manufactured as a fuel tank or line.
(iv) A fuel line is in contact with a high temperature surface or moving part.
(v) The fuel tank line intrudes into a driver, passenger or cargo compartment, except if the vehicle was originally so designed. If the vehicle is equipped with an alternate fuel system, see Subchapter M (relating to alternate fuel systems and controls).
(vi) The throttle does not return to the idle position when the actuating force is removed.
(c) Beneath the vehicle inspection. A beneath the vehicle inspection shall be performed as follows:
(1) Inspect the tires and wheels and reject if one or more of the following apply:
(i) A tire has two adjacent treads with less than 2/32-inch tread remaining at any point.
(ii) A tire is worn so that tread wear indicators contact the road in any two adjacent grooves.
(iii) Part of the ply or cord is exposed.
(iv) A tire has been repaired with a blow-out patch or boot.
(v) There is a bump, bulge or separation.
(vi) A tire is marked not for highway use, for racing purposes only or unsafe for highway use, or has a similar designation.
(vii) There are other conditions or markings reasonably believed to render a tire unsafe for highway use.
(viii) A tire has been regrooved or recut.
(ix) The wheel nuts or bolts are missing or loose or have improper thread engagement.
(x) The stud or bolt holes are worn out of round.
(xi) Part of the wheel is bent, cracked, welded or damaged so as to affect safe operation of vehicle.
(xii) The rear wheel does not track front wheel track in the straight ahead position within 1 inch to either side, except for three-wheeled vehicles which must track as originally designed.
(xiii) Studded tires are in use after April 15 and before November 1.
(xiv) A tire extends beyond body line, any tire is smaller than the manufacturers recommended minimum size or below the manufacturers recommended load rating or a tire makes contact with the body or chassis.
(2) Inspect the steering system and reject if one or more of the following apply:
(i) The front wheel geometry of a motorcycle with a single front wheel does not meet the following specifications as to rake and trail:
(A) Maximum rake: 45 degrees; maximum trail: 14 inches positive.
(B) Minimum rake: 20 degrees; minimum trail: 2 inches positive.
(ii) The handlebars or steering system of each motorcycle are not of sturdy construction.
(iii) The handlebars or steering system restrict front fork movement.
(iv) The handlebars do not provide a minimum of 18 inches between grip ends. If equipped with a steering wheel instead of handlebars, the steering wheel, except if specially designed for handicapped drivers, is not circular or equivalent in strength to original equipment or has an outside diameter less than 13 inches.
(v) The handlebars are not equipped with grips of nonslip design and material.
(vi) The measured movement at the front or rear of the tire is greater than 1/4 inch in relation to the axle shaft.
(vii) The linkage components are not secured with cotter pins or other suitable devices.
(viii) The steering stops allow a tire to rub on the frame or chassis parts.
(ix) The front wheel is incapable of being turned to the right and left steering stops without binding or interference.
(3) Inspect the suspension system and reject if any of the following apply:
(i) The shock absorbers are missing.
(ii) The shock absorbers mounting bolts or mounts are broken.
(iii) The shock absorbers have severe leakagenot slight dampness.
(iv) The vehicle continues free rocking after release, indicating loss of the shock absorber function.
(4) Inspect the vehicle frame and reject if any of the following apply:
(i) The vehicle frame is not in solid condition.
(ii) A repair is made with tape, tar paper or cloth, or is made in another temporary manner.
(iii) The frame components are missing, cracked, rotted or broken or are in deteriorated or dangerous condition.
(iv) The chain guard or other covering device is missing.
(v) The motorcycle stand does not operate or is not strong enough to support the vehicle.
(vi) A hand-hold device is not provided if the motorcycle is designed to carry more than one person.
(vii) Footrests are not provided for each person operating or riding upon vehicle.
(viii) The highway bars exceed the maximum width of 26 inches or are located more than 15 inches from the foot controls.
(5) Inspect the exhaust system and reject if one or more of the following apply:
(i) The vehicle has no muffler or muffler has external repair.
(ii) There are loose or leaking joints.
(iii) There are holes, cracks or leaking seams in exhaust system.
(iv) There is a muffler cutout or similar device.
(v) Part of the exhaust system passes through the occupant compartment.
(vi) The elements are not securely fastened with proper clamps and hangers.
(vii) The exposed exhaust system does not have adequate heat shield or protective system or is not located to prevent contact with riders.
(6) Check the battery and reject if the battery is not securely fastened.
(d) Road test. Perform a road test and reject if one or more of the following apply:
(1) The vehicle is not capable of stopping within the maximum stopping distance prescribed in Table I (relating to brake performance).
(2) There is a malfunction of the braking or steering mechanismparticularly shimmy, wander and pullor another questionable operating behavior that affects safe operation of vehicle.
(3) The speedometer does not operate.
(4) The odometer does not operate except on motorcycles at least 25 years old.
(5) The vehicle cannot be driven forward.
The provisions of this § 175.160 amended under the Vehicle Code, 75 Pa.C.S. § § 4103, 4301, 4501, 4521, 4524, 4702 and 6103.
The provisions of this § 175.160 adopted October 29, 1982, effective February 1, 1983, 12 Pa.B. 3862; corrected November 12, 1982, effective February 1, 1983, 12 Pa.B. 3947; delayed February 11, 1983, 13 Pa.B. 708; except subsection (c)(1)(xiv), effectiveness of which has been indefinitely postponed until further notice, to the extent that these portions of the regulations prohibit placement of oversize tires that remain within the body line of vehicles and require the rejection of inspected vehicles equipped with these tires; amended December 30, 1983, effective December 31, 1983, 13 Pa.B. 4023; readopted December 2, 1988, effective December 3, 1988, 18 Pa.B. 5362; amended February 18, 1994, effective February 19, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 962; amended September 27, 1996, effective September 28, 1996, 26 Pa.B. 4640; amended November 13, 1998, effective May 13, 1999, 28 Pa.B. 5670; amended October 25, 2013, effective October 26, 2013, 43 Pa.B. 6349. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (250415) to (250421).
This section cited in 67 Pa. Code § 175.142 (relating to suspension); 67 Pa. Code § 175.143 (relating to steering); 67 Pa. Code § 175.144 (relating to braking systems); 67 Pa. Code § 175.145 (relating to tires and wheels); 67 Pa. Code § 175.146 (relating to lighting and electrical systems); 67 Pa. Code § 175.147 (relating to glazing); 67 Pa. Code § 175.148 (relating to mirrors); 67 Pa. Code § 175.149 (relating to fuel systems); 67 Pa. Code § 175.152 (relating to exhaust systems); 67 Pa. Code § 175.153 (relating to horns and warning devices); 67 Pa. Code § 175.154 (relating to body); 67 Pa. Code § 175.155 (relating to chassis); 67 Pa. Code § 175.203 (relating to braking systems); 67 Pa. Code § 175.206 (relating to glazing); 67 Pa. Code § 175.207 (relating to mirrors); and 67 Pa. Code § 175.208 (relating to body).
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