Rule 1311. Interlocutory Appeals by Permission.
Per Curiam: And now, this 10th day of January, 1994, the amendments to Pa.R.A.P. 311, 341 and 1311 and new Pa.R.A.P. 313, adopted May 6, 1992, at No. 75 Appellate Rules Docket No. 1, are hereby made applicable to all orders entered on or after the effective date of this Order, regardless of the date the action or administrative proceeding was originally commenced in a Court, Commonwealth agency or local agency. This Order shall not affect any orders entered by a Court, Commonwealth agency or local agency after July 6, 1992, and before the effective date of this Order in any action or administrative proceeding originally commenced on or before July 6, 1992. This Order shall be effective March 1, 1994.
And now, this 6th day of May, 1992, Rules 311, 341 and 1311 of the Pennsylvania Rules of Appellate Procedure, and notes thereto, are amended as follows hereto. Rule 313 of the Pennsylvania Rules of Appellate Procedure and note thereto are hereby adopted.
The amendments and new rules shall become effective July 6, 1992 and shall govern only actions or administrative proceedings originally commenced in a court, Commonwealth agency or local agency after that date. It is directed that this Order shall be processed pursuant to Pa. R.J.A. 103(b).
This Order vacates and supersedes this Courts prior Order dated March 17, 1992, at No. 75 Appellate Rules Docket No. 1. By the Court ROBERT N. C. NIX, Jr.,Chief Justice
(a) General rule.An appeal may be taken by permission under 42 Pa.C.S. § 702(b) (interlocutory appeals by permission) from any interlocutory order of a lower court or other government unit. See Rule 312 (interlocutory appeals by permission).
(b) Petition for permission to appeal.Permission to appeal from an interlocutory order containing the statement prescribed by 42 Pa.C.S. § 702(b) may be sought by filing a petition for permission to appeal with the prothonotary of the appellate court within 30 days after entry of such order in the lower court or other government unit with proof of service on all other parties to the matter in the lower court or other government unit and on the government unit or clerk of the lower court, who shall file the petition of record in such lower court. An application for an amendment of an interlocutory order to set forth expressly the statement specified in 42 Pa.C.S. § 702(b) shall be filed with the lower court or other government unit within 30 days after the entry of such interlocutory order and permission to appeal may be sought within 30 days after entry of the order as amended. Unless the trial court or other government unit acts on the application within 30 days after it is filed, the trial court or other government unit shall no longer consider the application and it shall be deemed denied. If the petition for permission to appeal is transmitted to the prothonotary of the appellate court by means of first class, express, or priority United States Postal Service mail, the petition shall be deemed received by the prothonotary for the purposes of Rule 121(a) (filing) on the date deposited in the United States mail, as shown on a United States Postal Service Form 3817 Certificate of Mailing, or other similar United States Postal Service form from which the date of deposit can be verified. The certificate of mailing or other similar Postal Service form from which the date of deposit can be verified shall be cancelled by the Postal Service, shall show the docket number of the matter in the lower court or other government unit and shall be either enclosed with the petition or separately mailed to the prothonotary. Upon actual receipt of the petition for permission to appeal the prothonotary of the appellate court shall immediately stamp it with the date of actual receipt. That date, or the date of earlier deposit in the United States mail as prescribed in this subdivision, shall constitute the date when permission to appeal was sought, which date shall be shown on the docket. The prothonotary of the appellate court shall immediately note the appellate docket number assignment upon the petition for permission to appeal and give written notice of the docket number assignment in person or by first class mail to the government unit or clerk of the lower court, to the petitioner and to the other persons named in the proof of service accompanying the petition.
(c) Fee.The petitioner upon filing the petition for permission to appeal shall pay any fee therefor prescribed by Chapter 27 (fees and costs in appellate courts and on appeal).
(d) Entry of appearance.Upon the filing of the petition for permission to appeal the prothonotary of the appellate court shall note on the record as counsel for the petitioner the name of counsel, if any, set forth in or endorsed upon the petition for permission to appeal, and, as counsel for other parties, counsel, if any, named in the proof of service. The prothonotary shall upon praecipe of any such counsel for other parties, filed at any time within 30 days after filing of the petition, strike off or correct the record of appearance. Thereafter a counsels appearance for a party may not be withdrawn without leave of court, unless another lawyer has entered or simultaneously enters an appearance for the party.
Based on 42 Pa.C.S. § 702(b) (interlocutory appeals by permission). See note to Rule 903 (time for appeal). Compare 42 Pa.C.S. § 5574 (effect of application for amendment to qualify for interlocutory appeal).
See the Official Note to Rule 1112 (appeals by allowance) for an explanation of the procedure when Form 3817 or other similar United States Postal Service form from which the date of deposit can be verified is used.
Where the administrative agency or lower court refuses to amend its order to include the prescribed statement, a petition for review under Chapter 15 of the unappealable order of denial is the proper mode of determining whether the case is so egregious as to justify prerogative appellate correction of the exercise of discretion by the lower tribunal. If the petition for review is granted in such a case, the effect (as in the Federal practice under 28 U.S.C. § 1292(b)) is the same as if a petition for permission to appeal had been filed and granted, and no separate petition for permission to appeal need be filed.
The 1997 amendment to subdivision (b) provides for a deemed denial where the trial court or other governmental unit fails to act on the application within 30 days. Under such circumstances, a party may need to file a praecipe for entry of the deemed denial pursuant to Rule 301(d).
With regard to subdivision (d) and withdrawal of appearance without leave of the appellate court, counsel may nonetheless be subject to trial court supervision pursuant to Pa.R.Crim.P. 904 (Appointment of Counsel; Forma Pauperis).
With respect to appearances by new counsel following the initial docketing of appearances pursuant to Subdivision (d) of this rule, please note the requirements of Rule 120.
The provisions of this Rule 1311 amended through December 16, 1983, effective January 1, 1984, 13 Pa.B. 3998; amended March 12, 1992, effective July 6, 1992, and shall govern all matters thereafter commenced, 22 Pa.B. 1354; amended May 6, 1992, effective July 6, 1992, 22 Pa.B. 2675; amended July 7, 1997, effective in 60 days, 27 Pa.B. 3503; amended March 15, 2004, effective 60 days after adoption, 34 Pa.B. 1670; amended September 10, 2008, effective December 1, 2008, 38 Pa.B. 5257. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (231641) to (231642) and (303531).
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