Rule 2119. Argument.

 (a)  General rule.—The argument shall be divided into as many parts as there are questions to be argued; and shall have at the head of each part—in distinctive type or in type distinctively displayed—the particular point treated therein, followed by such discussion and citation of authorities as are deemed pertinent.

 (b)  Citations of authorities.—Citations of authorities in briefs shall be in accordance with Pa.R.A.P. 126 governing citations of authorities.

 (c)  Reference to record.—If reference is made to the pleadings, evidence, charge, opinion or order, or any other matter appearing in the record, the argument must set forth, in immediate connection therewith, or in a footnote thereto, a reference to the place in the record where the matter referred to appears (see Pa.R.A.P. 2132).

 (d)  Synopsis of evidence.—When the finding of, or the refusal to find, a fact is argued, the argument must contain a synopsis of all the evidence on the point, with a reference to the place in the record where the evidence may be found.

 (e)  Statement of place of raising or preservation of issues.—Where under the applicable law an issue is not reviewable on appeal unless raised or preserved below, the argument must set forth, in immediate connection therewith or in a footnote thereto, either a specific cross-reference to the page or pages of the statement of the case which set forth the information relating thereto as required by Pa.R.A.P. 2117(c), or substantially the same information.

 (f)  Discretionary aspects of sentence.—An appellant who challenges the discretionary aspects of a sentence in a criminal matter shall set forth in a separate section of the brief a concise statement of the reasons relied upon for allowance of appeal with respect to the discretionary aspects of a sentence. The statement shall immediately precede the argument on the merits with respect to the discretionary aspects of the sentence.

   Official Note

   Where a challenge is raised to the appropriateness of the discretionary aspects of a sentence, the ‘‘petition for allowance of appeal’’ specified in 42 Pa.C.S. §  9781(b) is deferred until the briefing stage, and the appeal is commenced by filing a notice of appeal pursuant to Chapter 9 rather than a petition for allowance of appeal pursuant to Chapter 11.

Source

   The provisions of this Rule 2119 amended May 16, 1979, effective September 30, 1979, 9 Pa.B. 1740, amended May 16, 1979, effective June 2, 1979, 9 Pa.B. 1753; amended February 27, 1980, 10 Pa.B. 1038, effective date as set forth at 10 Pa.B. 1038; amended April 14, 2014, effective immediately, 44 Pa.B. 2510; amended May 28, 2014, effective July 1, 2014, 44 Pa.B. 3493; amended November 24, 2015, effective January 1, 2016, 45 Pa.B. 6971. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (372665) to (372666).



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