Rule 526. Conditions of Bail Bond.
(A) In every case in which a defendant is released on bail, the conditions of the bail bond shall be that the defendant will:
(1) appear at all times required until full and final disposition of the case;
(2) obey all further orders of the bail authority;
(3) give written notice to the bail authority, the clerk of courts, the district attorney, and the court bail agency or other designated court bail officer, of any change of address within 48 hours of the date of the change;
(4) neither do, nor cause to be done, nor permit to be done on his or her behalf, any act proscribed by Section 4952 of the Crimes Code (relating to intimidation of witnesses or victims) or by Section 4953 (relating to retaliation against witnesses or victims), 18 Pa.C.S. § § 4952, 4953; and
(5) refrain from criminal activity.
(B) If the bail authority determines that it is necessary to impose conditions of release in addition to the conditions required in paragraph (A) to ensure the defendants appearance and compliance, the bail authority may impose such conditions as provided in Rules 524, 527, and 528.
(C) The bail authority shall set forth in the bail bond all conditions of release imposed pursuant to this rule.
This rule continues the practice that all defendants released on bail under these rules are subject to an order of the bail authority that they comply with all the conditions of the bail bond. Paragraph (A)(4) effectuates the Crimes Code requirement set forth in 18 Pa.C.S. § 4956.
All the conditions of the bail bond set forth in paragraph (A) must be imposed in every criminal case in which a defendant is released on bail. In addition to these conditions of the bail bond, in the appropriate case, the bail authority may also impose a condition of release on bail or a combination of conditions of release on bail as provided in Rules 524, 527, and 528. See also Section 2711 of the Crimes Code, 18 Pa.C.S. § 2711, which requires that in domestic violence cases, if the bail authority determines that the defendant poses a threat of danger to the victim, he or she must impose the additional conditions of bail that the defendant refrain from entering the residence or household of the victim or the victims place of employment, and that the defendant refrain from committing any further criminal conduct against the victim.
If a defendant fails to comply with any of the conditions of the bail bond in paragraph (A) or conditions of release imposed pursuant to paragraph (B), the defendants bail may be modified or revoked. Additional sanctions for failing to appear in a criminal case when required are provided in the Crimes Code. See 18 Pa.C.S. § 5124. See also Standard 10-1.2 and Commentary, ABA Standards for Criminal Justice, Chapter 10, Pretrial Release.
Former Rule 4005 adopted July 23, 1973, effective 60 days hence, replacing prior Rule 4005(b); amended January 28, 1983, effective July 1, 1983; amended April 29, 1983, effective July 1, 1983; rescinded September 13, 1995, effective January 1, 1996, and replaced by Rule 529. Present Rule 4005 adopted September 13, 1995, effective January 1, 1996. The January 1, 1996 effective dates extended to April 1, 1996; the April 1, 1996 effective dates extended to July 1, 1996; renumbered Rule 526 and amended March 1, 2000, effective April 1, 2001.
Committee Explanatory Reports:
Final Report explaining the provisions of the new rule published with Courts Order at 25 Pa.B. 4116 (September 30, 1995).
Final Report explaining the March 1, 2000 reorganization and renumbering of the rules published with the Courts Order at 30 Pa.B. 1477 (March 18, 2000).
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