§ 221.36a. Limitation of useful beam of fluoroscopic equipment.

 (a)  The fluoroscopic imaging assembly shall be provided with a primary protective barrier which intercepts the entire cross section of the useful beam at any source-to-image receptor distance.

 (b)  The X-ray tube used for fluoroscopy may not produce X-rays unless a barrier is in position to intercept the useful beam and the imaging device is in place and operable.

 (c)  A means shall be provided for stepless (continuous) adjustment of the field size.

 (d)  The minimum field size at the greatest source to image receptor distance shall be containable in a square of 5 centimeters by 5 centimeters unless otherwise provided in 21 CFR 1020.32(b) (relating to fluoroscopic equipment).

 (e)  Equipment may not be operated at a source to skin distance less than 30 centimeters or as required under 21 CFR 1020.32(g).

 (f)  The width of the X-ray field in the plane of the image receptor may not exceed that of the visible area of the image receptor by more than 3% of the source to image receptor distance. The sum of the excess length and the excess width may not be greater than 4% of the source to image receptor distance.

 (g)  For rectangular X-ray fields used with a circular image receptor, the error in alignment shall be determined along the length and width dimensions of the X-ray field which passes through the center of the visible area of the image receptor.

 (h)  Compliance with subsections (a)—(g) shall be determined with the beam axis perpendicular to the plane of the image receptor.

 (i)  Spot-film devices shall meet the following additional requirements:

   (1)  A means shall be provided between the source and the patient for adjustment of the X-ray field size to the size of the portion of film which has been selected on the spot-film selector.

   (2)  The adjustments shall be automatically accomplished except when the X-ray field size in the plane of the film is smaller than that of the film.

   (3)  The total misalignment of the edges of the X-ray field with the respective edges of the selected portion of the image receptor along the length or width dimensions of the X-ray field in the plane of the image receptor may not exceed 3% of the source-to image receptor when adjusted for full coverage of the selected portion of the image receptor.

   (4)  The sum, without regard to sign, of the misalignment along any two orthogonal dimensions, may not exceed 4% of the source to image receptor distance.

   (5)  The center of the X-ray field in the plane of the film shall be aligned with the center of the film within 2% of the source to image receptor distance.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  221.36a issued and amended under sections 301 and 302 of the Radiation Protection Act (35 P. S. § §  7110.301 and 7110.302); and section 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  510-20).

Source

   The provisions of this §  221.36a adopted October 2, 1998, effective October 3, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 4894; amended November 16, 2001, effective November 17, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 6282; amended July 16, 2004, effective July 17, 2004, 34 Pa.B. 3823. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (285678) to (285679).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  221.35a (relating to fluoroscopic X-ray systems); and 25 Pa. Code §  221.43a (relating to mobile fluoroscopes).



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