§ 221.38a. Entrance exposure rate.

 (a)  Fluoroscopic systems without high level control. The exposure rate may not exceed 10 roentgens (2.58 mC/kg) per minute except during recording of fluoroscopic images.

 (b)  Fluoroscopic systems with high level control.

   (1)  When the high level control is activated, the maximum exposure rate shall be 20 roentgens (5.16 mC/kg) per minute.

   (2)  When the high level control is not activated, the maximum exposure rate shall be 10 roentgens (2.58 mC/kg) per minute.

   (3)  Special means of activation of high level controls are required. The high level control shall only be operable when continuous manual activation is provided by the operator.

   (4)  There shall be an indication to the fluoroscopist that the high level control is being used.

 (c)  Frequency of output measurements. Output measurements to show compliance with this section shall be made at least annually and after maintenance that could affect the output of the machine.

 (d)  Compliance requirements. Compliance with subsections (a)—(c) shall be determined as follows:

   (1)  If the source is below the table, the exposure rate shall be expressed for the center of the useful beam 1 centimeter above the tabletop or cradle with the image intensifier 30 centimeters above the tabletop or cradle.

   (2)  If the source is above the table, the exposure rate shall be measured at 30 centimeters above the tabletop with the end of the beam-limiting device or spacer positioned as closely as possible to the point of measurement.

   (3)  In a c-arm type of fluoroscope, the exposure rate shall be measured at 30 centimeters from the input surface of the fluoroscopic imaging assembly with the source at its closest possible position of operation.

   (4)  The tube potential and current shall be set to give the maximum exposure possible from the X-ray system. For systems with automatic exposure control, at least 3 millimeters of lead shall be placed between the measuring device and image receptor.

   (5)  The measurement shall be made at the center of the useful beam.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  221.38a issued and amended under sections 301 and 302 of the Radiation Protection Act (35 P. S. § §  7110.301 and 7110.302); and section 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  510-20).

Source

   The provisions of this §  221.38a adopted October 2, 1998, effective October 3, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 4894; amended July 16, 2004, effective July 17, 2004, 34 Pa.B. 3823.

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  221.35a (relating to fluoroscopic X-ray systems); and 25 Pa. Code §  221.43a (relating to mobile fluoroscopes).



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