Subchapter F. TECHNICAL STANDARDS FOR ABOVEGROUND STORAGE TANKS AND FACILITIES


GENERAL

Sec.


245.501.    Purpose.
245.502.    Scope.
245.503.    Variances.
245.504.    Referenced organizations.
245.505.    Applicability.

OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE


245.511.    General operations and maintenance.
245.512.    Facility operations and spill response plan.
245.513.    Preventive maintenance and housekeeping requirements.
245.514.    Security.
245.515.    Labeling/marking of aboveground storage tank systems.
245.516.    Recordkeeping requirements.

DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION


245.521.    Performance standards for aboveground storage tanks.
245.522.    New aboveground storage tank installations and reconstructions.
245.523.    Aboveground storage tanks in underground vaults.
245.524.    Aboveground tank modifications.
245.525.    Ancillary equipment for aboveground storage tanks.
245.526.    Piping for aboveground storage tanks.

CORROSION AND DETERIORATION PREVENTION


245.531.    General corrosion and deterioration requirements.
245.532.    Cathodic protection systems.
245.533.    Coating exterior tank and piping surfaces.
245.534.    Interior linings and coatings.

RELEASE PREVENTION AND LEAK DETECTION


245.541.    Overfill prevention requirements.
245.542.    Containment requirements for aboveground storage tank systems.
245.543.    Leak detection requirements.

ABOVEGROUND STORAGE TANK INSPECTIONS


245.551.    General requirements for third-party inspections.
245.552.    In-service inspections.
245.553.    Out-of-service inspections.
245.554.    Installation and modification inspections.

CLOSURE AND REMOVAL FROM SERVICE REQUIREMENTS


245.561.    Permanent closure or change-in-service.
245.562.    Temporary removal from service (out-of-service).

Source

   The provisions of this Subchapter F adopted October 10, 1997, effective October 11, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 5341, unless otherwise noted.

Cross References

   This subchapter cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.222 (relating to application requirements); 25 Pa. Code §  245.232 (relating to general requirements); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.602 (relating to scope).

GENERAL


§ 245.501. Purpose.

 This subchapter establishes technical standards and requirements for operations and maintenance, design, construction and installation, corrosion and deterioration prevention, release prevention and leak detection, inspection, and closure and removal from service requirements for large aboveground storage tanks and facilities and aboveground storage tanks in underground vaults regulated under the act. Regulated aboveground storage tanks are defined in §  245.1 (relating to definitions).

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.501 amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (331095).

§ 245.502. Scope.

 The standards and requirements established in this subchapter shall be applied through the use of appropriate current codes of practice developed by Nationally recognized associations such as, but not limited to, those referenced at §  245.504 (relating to referenced organizations) and through the use of manufacturer’s specifications and sound engineering practices. This subchapter is not intended to supersede other State and Federal regulations or jurisdictional requirements when they are more restrictive than the requirements in this part. This subchapter does not apply to small aboveground storage tanks unless otherwise referenced in Subchapter G (relating to simplified program for small aboveground storage tanks).

§ 245.503. Variances.

 When unique or peculiar circumstances make compliance with this subchapter technically impractical, infeasible or unsafe, the Department may, upon written application from the owner of a storage tank system subject to this subchapter, grant a variance from one or more specific provisions of this subchapter.

   (1)  A variance may only be granted if the storage tank system meets alternative technical standards that fully protect human health and the environment.

   (2)  A written application for a variance shall be submitted to the Department and provide the following information:

     (i)   The facility name and identification number for which the variance is sought.

     (ii)   Specific sections of this subchapter from which the variance is sought.

     (iii)   The unique or peculiar conditions which make compliance with the sections identified in subparagraph (ii) technically impractical, infeasible or unsafe.

     (iv)   Evidence, including data, plans, specifications and test results, which supports an alternative design, practice, schedule or method as being at least as protective of human health and the environment as the requirement of the sections identified in subparagraph (ii).

   (3)  New technologies may be granted a variance. New technologies shall be reviewed and documented by a professional engineer and documentation provided to the Department with the variance request.

   (4)  The Department will not grant a variance which would result in regulatory controls less stringent than other applicable Federal or State regulations, such as 34 Pa. Code Chapter 14 (relating to flammable and combustible liquids; preliminary provisions) and 40 CFR Part 112 (relating to oil pollution prevention).

   (5)  When granting the variance, the Department may impose specific conditions necessary to assure that the variance will adequately protect the public health, safety or welfare and the environment.

   (6)  The Department will provide to the applicant a written notice of approval, approval with conditions or denial. The Department will publish notice of approved variances in the Pennsylvania Bulletin.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.503 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (331095) to (331096).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.516 (relating to recordkeeping requirements).

§ 245.504. Referenced organizations.

 (a)  Nationally-recognized associations which are referenced throughout this subchapter are as follows:

   (1)  American Concrete Institute (ACI).

   (2)  American National Standards Institute (ANSI).

   (3)  American Petroleum Institute (API).

   (4)  American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

   (5)  American Society for Nondestructive Testing (ASNT).

   (6)  American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM).

   (7)  NACE International—The Corrosion Society (NACE).

   (8)  National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).

   (9)  Petroleum Equipment Institute (PEI).

   (10)  SSPC—The Society for Protective Coatings (SSPC).

   (11)  Steel Tank Institute (STI).

   (12)  Underwriters Laboratory (UL).

 (b)  Nationally-recognized codes and standards shall be used in conjunction with manufacturer’s specifications to comply with this subchapter. When used to meet the technical standards and requirements of this subchapter, the most current or latest edition of the codes and standards shall be applied. Other Nationally-recognized codes and standards, not referenced in this part, may also be used to comply with this subchapter, when approved by the Department.

 (c)  When Nationally-recognized codes and standards or manufacturer’s specifications are updated, facilities or storage tank systems installed to previously existing standards prior to the update, will not automatically be required to be upgraded to meet the new standard, unless specifically required in the revised standards or by the Department.

 (d)  Regulatory requirements shall prevail over Nationally-recognized codes and standards whenever there is a conflict.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.504 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (234751) to (234752).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.132 (relating to standards of performance); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.502 (relating to scope).

§ 245.505. Applicability.

 Existing tanks that become regulated due to the addition of new regulated substances as defined in §  245.1 ((relating to definitions) (see subparagraph (iii)(A) and (B))), and the regulation of aboveground storage tanks greater than 30,000 gallons capacity, storing heating oil that is consumed on the premises (See definition of ‘‘consumptive use’’ in §  245.1) are subject to the requirements in this chapter and shall be registered with the Department.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.505 adopted November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (331097) to (331098).

OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE


§ 245.511. General operations and maintenance.

 A storage tank facility owner and operator shall implement and have onsite a written operations and maintenance plan which assures conformance with applicable safety and operational standards, compliance with applicable Federal and State regulations, and shall use appropriate work practices and procedures.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.511 amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (331098).

§ 245.512. Facility operations and spill response plan.

 An initial Spill Prevention Response Plan (Plan), which addresses the requirements in sections 901—904 of the act (35 P.S. § §  6021.901—6021.904) and this chapter, shall be submitted to the Department for a storage tank facility with an aggregate aboveground storage capacity greater than 21,000 gallons. Plan revisions or any addendum to the initial Plan shall be submitted to the Department in writing or electronically within 180 days of any occurrences as described in section 901(b) of the act. A current copy of the Plan shall be readily available at the facility at all times.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.512 amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (331098).

§ 245.513. Preventive maintenance and housekeeping requirements.

 (a)  A storage tank facility owner and operator shall establish and implement a preventive maintenance and housekeeping program which protects the integrity of the system from degradation and protects the public health and the environment.

 (b)  The storage tank facility owner and operator shall establish and implement routine maintenance inspection procedures at each storage tank facility.

   (1)  The facility owner and operator are responsible to assure that a visual inspection is performed once every 72 hours. The visual inspection may be accomplished by or supplemented with electronic surveillance and shall include:

     (i)   A check of the facility to ensure that no potential hazardous environmental conditions exist. This includes a check for evidence of a release for example, spill, overflow or leakage.

     (ii)   A check of the containment areas for accumulation of water and a confirmation that containment drain valves are secured in a closed position when not in use. If excessive water has accumulated, it shall be drained off and disposed of in accordance with applicable State and Federal requirements.

     (iii)   In the case of aboveground storage tanks in underground vaults, a check of the continuous leak detection system, as required under §  245.523(7) (relating to aboveground storage tanks in underground vaults), to ensure the equipment is functioning as designed.

   (2)  The facility owner and operator are responsible to assure that a maintenance inspection of each aboveground storage tank system is performed each month. The maintenance inspection shall include all of the following:

     (i)   An inspection of the tank system exterior surfaces for deterioration and maintenance deficiencies including a visual check for cracks, areas of wear, excessive settlement and deterioration of the foundation and supports.

     (ii)   Ancillary equipment and appurtenances shall be visually checked for operational malfunctions.

     (iii)   An inspection of containment and transfer areas for cracks, defects and fire hazards.

     (iv)   A check of overfill prevention equipment and monitoring of the leak detection system.

     (v)   The monthly maintenance inspection report shall be completed and signed by the individual who conducted the inspections and maintained for 1 year.

   (3)  The facility owner and operator are responsible to establish a process to assure that storage tank vents are operational and free of restrictions.

 (c)  The storage tank facility owner and operator shall immediately initiate the actions necessary to correct deficiencies noted during the 72-hour visual and monthly maintenance inspections.

 (d)  Repairs to aboveground storage tank systems shall be properly conducted in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, a code of practice developed by a Nationally recognized association or an independent testing laboratory.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.513 amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (331098) to (331099).

§ 245.514. Security.

 (a)  The storage tank facility owner and operator are responsible to assure that appropriate security measures and procedures based on the facility location are established and implemented to protect the environment and the public. These security measures and procedures may include, but are not limited to monitoring, fencing, lighting, access control, locked entrances and securing of valves and dispensers.

 (b)  The owner and operator of an aboveground storage tank facility with an aggregate aboveground storage capacity greater than 21,000 gallons shall maintain a written or electronic log. At a minimum, each log entry must identify the name of the individual performing tank handling and inspection activities, the individual’s signature or equivalent verification of presence onsite, the company name, the date of work, start and end times, and a brief description of work performed, including tank identification.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.514 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (331099).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.516 (relating to recordkeeping requirements).

§ 245.515. Labeling/marking of aboveground storage tank systems.

 (a)  The storage tank facility owner and operator are responsible to assure aboveground storage tank systems are labeled/marked in accordance with industry standards and in compliance with Federal and State requirements. Tank labels/marks shall be easily legible from outside the containment area and shall be capable of readily identifying the regulated substance stored.

 (b)  The storage tank facility owner and operator shall be capable of readily identifying the substances transferred in the regulated piping system and be able to determine flow control points, including pumps, valves and dispensers through labeling or other suitable means.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.515 amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (331099) to (331100).

§ 245.516. Recordkeeping requirements.

 (a)  Owners and operators of aboveground storage tank systems shall maintain records as required under this chapter and provide records, as requested, and cooperate fully with inspections, monitoring and testing conducted by the Department, certified installers or certified inspectors. Owners and operators shall provide records and cooperate fully in response to requests for document submission, testing and monitoring by the owner or operator under section 107(c) of the act (35 P.S. §  6021.107(c)).

 (b)  Owners and operators shall maintain required records either onsite at the storage tank facility or at a readily available alternative site. Records maintained at the storage tank facility shall be immediately available for inspection by the Department and certified inspectors. If records are maintained offsite, the records shall be easily obtained and provided for inspection or for review by the Department upon request.

 (c)  Recordkeeping. Owners and operators shall maintain all of the following records for aboveground storage tank systems for the operational life of the tank system and retain the records for a minimum of 1 year after the tank system has been permanently closed:

   (1)  Original installation and modification of aboveground storage tank system design specifications.

   (2)  Any variance issued for the aboveground storage tank system under §  245.503 (relating to variances).

   (3)  The permits issued under Subchapter C (relating to permitting of underground and aboveground storage tank systems and facilities).

   (4)  Tank handling activity installation, relocation, reconstruction and major modification inspection results.

   (5)  The notices of releases submitted under §  245.305 (relating to reporting releases).

   (6)  Applicable manufacturer’s documentation for the aboveground storage tank system and any ancillary equipment.

   (7)  Third-party out-of-service inspection reports.

   (8)  Written or electronic log entry information as required under §  245.514(b) (relating to security).

   (9)  The current registration certificate.

   (10)  The leak detection records for the past 12 months.

   (11)  The last two results of cathodic protection monitoring, when a cathodic protection system is in use under §  245.532 (relating to cathodic protection systems).

   (12)  The routine 72-hour visual and monthly maintenance inspections for the past 12 months.

   (13)  The last third-party in-service inspection report.

   (14)  A properly completed closure report and results of the site assessment conducted at permanent closure or change-in-service under §  245.561 (relating to permanent closure or change-in-service).

   (15)  Documentation of investigations of suspected releases in accordance with §  245.304 (relating to investigation and reporting of suspected releases).

   (16)  Documentation of the last three impressed current cathodic protection system checks for each 60-day period under §  245.532.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.516 amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (331100).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.523 (relating to aboveground storage tanks in underground vaults); 25 Pa. Code §  245.532 (relating to cathodic protection systems); 25 Pa. Code §  245.553 (relating to out-of-service inspections); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.554 (relating to installation and modification inspections).

DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION


§ 245.521. Performance standards for aboveground storage tanks.

 (a)  Aboveground storage tank construction shall meet or exceed Nationally recognized industry association codes of practice. New aboveground storage tank systems shall be installed in accordance with applicable codes of practice and consistent with manufacturer’s or fabricator’s specifications as specified in §  245.522 (relating to new aboveground storage tank installations and reconstructions).

 (b)  Aboveground storage tank modifications shall be in accordance with industry codes of practice as specified in §  245.524 (relating to aboveground tank modifications).

 (c)  Aboveground storage tanks shall be protected from corrosion and deterioration as specified in § §  245.531—245.534 (relating to corrosion and deterioration prevention).

 (d)  A leak monitoring system shall be installed as specified in §  245.543 (relating to leak detection requirements).

 (e)  A release prevention system shall be installed as specified in § §  245.541 and 245.542 (relating to overfill prevention requirements; and containment requirements for aboveground storage tank systems).

 (f)  Aboveground storage tanks shall be tested according to industry standards before being placed in service as specified in § §  245.522 and 245.524.

 (g)  Aboveground storage tanks shall be inspected at installation, reconstruction or relocation and when a major modification is performed on a tank as specified in §  245.554 (relating to installation and modification inspections).

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.521 amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (331101).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.522 (relating to new aboveground storage tank installations and reconstructions).

§ 245.522. New aboveground storage tank installations and reconstructions.

 (a)  Aboveground storage tanks shall be designed and constructed in accordance with an appropriate current code of practice developed by Nationally recognized associations such as UL, ACI, API, ASME, ASTM, STI or NACE and will follow applicable engineering specifications.

 (b)  Aboveground storage tanks must have a stable foundation, capable of supporting the total weight of the tank when full of product without movement, rolling or unacceptable settling. The foundation must minimize corrosion of the tank bottom and meet or exceed the specifications of the tank manufacturer. The foundation design and construction must be based on sound engineering practices.

 (c)  Aboveground storage tanks shall be tested for tightness in accordance with current codes of practice developed by Nationally recognized associations and manufacturer’s specifications. If a pneumatic test is used for manufactured (shop built) tanks, the fittings, welds, joints and connections shall be coated with a soap solution and checked for leaks. Aboveground field constructed storage tanks shall be hydrostatically tested. Deficiencies shall be remedied prior to tanks being placed into service. Hydrostatic test fluids shall be discharged or disposed of in accordance with State and Federal requirements.

 (d)  Reconstruction of aboveground storage tanks must follow the current codes of practice developed by Nationally recognized associations and be accomplished in accordance with sound engineering practices. Reconstructed aboveground storage tanks must be inspected and hydrostatically tested before being placed into service. Reconstructed aboveground storage tanks must meet or exceed requirements specified in §  245.521 (relating to performance standards for aboveground storage tanks). Hydrostatic test fluids shall be discharged or disposed of in accordance with State and Federal requirements.

 (e)  Aboveground manufactured storage tanks that are relocated to another service site must meet the performance requirements for aboveground storage tanks and shall be tested according to industry standards and inspected before being put back in service.

 (f)  The Department may require the tank owner to submit documentation of construction design criteria and engineering specifications for review.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.522 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (331101) to (331102).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.521 (relating to performance standards for aboveground storage tanks); 25 Pa. Code §  245.552 (relating to in-service inspections); 25 Pa. Code §  245.553 (relating to out-of-service inspections); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.554 (relating to installation and modification inspections).

§ 245.523. Aboveground storage tanks in underground vaults.

 The following requirements shall be met when an owner or operator chooses to install an aboveground storage tank in an underground vault:

   (1)  The vault shall completely enclose the aboveground storage tank. There may be no openings in the vault enclosure except those necessary for access to, inspection of, and filling, emptying and venting of the tank. The walls and floor of the vault must be constructed of reinforced concrete at least 6 inches thick. The top, walls and floor shall be designed to withstand the anticipated loading, including loading from traffic, soil and groundwater.

   (2)  The vault must be compatible with the stored substance and have a permeability of less than 1 x 10-7 cm/sec for substance stored and be water tight.

   (3)  An aboveground storage tank must be in its own vault. Adjacent vaults may share a common wall.

   (4)  There may be no backfill around the aboveground storage tank and there shall be sufficient space between the tank and the vault to allow inspection of the tank and ancillary equipment.

   (5)  Vaults and aboveground storage tanks must be suitably anchored to withstand uplifting by either water or released substance, including when the tank is empty.

   (6)  Connections shall be provided to permit venting of each vault to dilute, disperse and remove vapors prior to personnel entering the vault.

   (7)  A vault must be equipped with a continuous leak detection system capable of detecting vapors and liquids including water. The detection system must activate an alarm that automatically shuts down the dispensing system if vapors or liquids are detected.

   (8)  A vault must have a means for personnel entry. The entry point must have a warning sign indicating the need for procedures for safe entry into a confined space. An entry point must be secured against unauthorized entry and vandalism.

   (9)  A suitable means to admit a fire suppression agent shall be provided for each vault.

   (10)  Aboveground storage tanks and ancillary equipment shall be installed, maintained and inspected in accordance with the requirements for aboveground storage tanks in this subchapter.

   (11)  Underground piping distribution systems for each aboveground storage tank system used to dispense class I or class II motor fuels for resale must be provided with release detection equivalent to underground piping release detection addressed in §  245.445 (relating to methods of release detection for piping) and monitored as required in paragraph (7) with monitoring records retained for 12 months as required under §  245.516 (relating to recordkeeping requirements).

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.523 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (331102) to (331103).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.513 (relating to preventive maintenance and housekeeping requirements).

§ 245.524. Aboveground tank modifications.

 (a)  Modifications performed on aboveground storage tank systems shall be designed and implemented in accordance with current codes of practice developed by Nationally recognized associations such as API, ACI, ASME, ASTM, NACE, STI or UL.

 (b)  Modifications shall be performed in accordance with Nationally recognized codes and manufacturer’s specifications or a professional engineer’s design requirements.

 (c)  Aboveground storage tank systems which are modified shall be inspected and tested according to industry standards before being put in service when a major modification has been performed on the storage tank system. Deficiencies shall be remedied before being returned to service.

 (d)  The Department may require the tank owner to submit documentation of construction modification design criteria and engineering specifications for review.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.524 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (331103) to (331104).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.521 (relating to performance standards for aboveground storage tanks); 25 Pa. Code §  245.552 (relating to in-service inspections); 25 Pa. Code §  245.553 (relating to out-of-service inspections); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.554 (relating to installation and modification inspections).

§ 245.525. Ancillary equipment for aboveground storage tanks.

 (a)  Ancillary equipment shall be designed and installed in accordance with Nationally recognized codes of practice and manufacturer’s specifications such as API, ASME, ASTM, UL, PEI or ANSI. Ancillary equipment shall be in good working order and maintained according to manufacturer’s specifications and accepted industry practices. Ancillary equipment shall be compatible with the stored substance.

 (b)  Aboveground storage tanks must be appropriately vented to protect the tank from over pressurization and excessive vacuums. Vents shall meet or exceed the appropriate codes of practice developed by Nationally recognized associations such as API and NFPA. Normal venting must allow the tank to breathe when transferring the stored product. Emergency venting must ensure that the safe pressure for the tank is not exceeded.

 (c)  Aboveground storage tank connections through which regulated substance can flow must be equipped with an operating valve adjacent to the tank to control flow of substance. Appropriate valves must be installed to meet or exceed current codes of practice and jurisdictional requirements. Valves shall be designed, installed and maintained according to current codes of practice.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.525 amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (331104).

§ 245.526. Piping for aboveground storage tanks.

 (a)  Piping shall be compatible with the substance stored and properly designed to resist internal and external wear, vibration and shock.

 (b)  New and replacement piping shall be designed, fabricated and tested in accordance with current codes of practice developed by Nationally recognized associations such as API, ASME, ANSI, NFPA, PEI or STI. Installation of piping shall meet or exceed current codes of practice and be in strict accordance with manufacturer’s specifications. Piping shall be tested for tightness before being placed in service and all deficiencies remedied.

 (c)  Piping in contact with the soil or an electrolyte shall be adequately protected from corrosion in accordance with current codes of practice developed by Nationally recognized associations such as NACE or API.

 (d)  Piping shall be tested and inspected in accordance with current industry practices and § §  245.552 and 245.553 (relating to in-service inspections; and out-of-service inspections).

 (e)  Aboveground piping shall be adequately supported and be protected from physical damage caused by freezing, frost heaving and vehicular traffic.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.526 amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (331104) and (384209).

CORROSION AND DETERIORATION PREVENTION


§ 245.531. General corrosion and deterioration requirements.

 (a)  Aboveground storage tank systems must be continuously protected from corrosion and deterioration.

 (b)  Metallic tank bottoms in direct contact with the soil or other electrolyte shall be evaluated by a corrosion expert to determine if cathodic protection is necessary or appropriate.

 (c)  Tank bottoms that are not adequately protected from corrosion and deterioration shall be upgraded to meet § §  245.532 and 245.534 (relating to cathodic protection systems; and interior linings and coatings).

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.531 amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (384209).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  78a.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.521 (relating to performance standards for aboveground storage tanks).

§ 245.532. Cathodic protection systems.

 (a)  When required for corrosion prevention, cathodic protection systems must consist of one or more of the following:

   (1)  Sacrificial anodes and dielectric coating.

   (2)  Impressed current.

   (3)  Another method specified in an appropriate Nationally recognized association code of practice.

 (b)  Cathodic protection systems shall be designed by a corrosion expert and maintained to provide protection against external corrosion for the operational life of the tank system.

 (c)  Each cathodic protection system shall have an access point which enables the owner or operator to check on the adequacy of cathodic protection. The cathodic protection systems shall be tested for proper operation by a qualified cathodic protection tester in accordance with the following requirements:

   (1)  Impressed current cathodic protection systems must be tested at least annually.

   (2)  Galvanic cathodic protection systems must be tested at least every 3 years.

   (3)  Cathodic protection systems must be tested within 6 months following installation and 6 months following repair of the cathodic protection system.

   (4)  The criteria that are used to determine that cathodic protection is adequate under this section must be in accordance with a code of practice developed by a Nationally recognized association.

 (d)  Aboveground storage tank systems with impressed current cathodic protection systems must be checked every 60 days to ensure the equipment is running properly. At a minimum, the operator or person conducting the 60-day check must document the date checked, annotate the system’s functioning status, and for systems equipped with a direct current readout meter, record the amount of current indicated on the meter.

 (e)  For aboveground storage tank systems using cathodic protection, records of the operation of the cathodic protection must be maintained under §  245.516 (relating to recordkeeping requirements) to demonstrate compliance with the performance standards in this section. The records must include the following:

   (1)  The results of the last three checks required in paragraph (d).

   (2)  The results of testing from the last two cathodic protection surveys required in paragraph (c).

 (f)  Tank and piping connections of two dissimilar metals which create a galvanic cell are prohibited.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.532 amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (384209).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  78a.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids); 25 Pa. Code §  245.516 (relating to recordkeeping requirements); 25 Pa. Code §  245.521 (relating to performance standards for aboveground storage tanks); 25 Pa. Code §  245.531 (relating to general corrosion and deterioration requirements); 25 Pa. Code §  245.552 (relating to in-service inspections); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.553 (relating to out-of-service inspections).

§ 245.533. Coating exterior tank and piping surfaces.

 The exterior surfaces of aboveground storage tanks and piping shall be protected by a suitable coating which prevents corrosion and deterioration. The coating system shall be maintained throughout the entire operational life of the tank.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.533 amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (384209) to (384210).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  78a.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.521 (relating to performance standards for aboveground storage tanks).

§ 245.534. Interior linings and coatings.

 (a)  Coating or lining systems may be used to protect aboveground storage tank interiors from corrosion and deterioration. The coating or lining system shall be designed in accordance with current codes of practice. Coating or lining systems must be bonded firmly to the interior surfaces of the tank.

 (b)  Specific requirements are as follows:

   (1)  Coatings and linings shall be chemically compatible with the substance to be stored.

   (2)  Coating material shall be applied and cured in strict accordance with manufacturer’s specifications.

   (3)  Surfaces shall be prepared and inspected in accordance with applicable Nationally-recognized codes and standards.

   (4)  Coatings used to protect the bottom of a tank shall extend up the side of the tank a minimum of 18 inches, while some forms of lining may cover the entire tank interior.

   (5)  Coatings shall be examined for blisters and air pockets, and tested for pinholes. The coating thickness shall be checked to assure compliance with manufacturer’s specifications.

   (6)  Defects in coating or lining systems shall be repaired or corrected prior to putting the tank or system into service.

 (c)  Interior linings or coatings shall be inspected by a third-party, Department-certified, aboveground storage tank inspector at installation, when undergoing a major modification, and at least every 10 years or as warranted or recommended by the manufacturer or design engineer and agreed upon by the Department.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.534 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (384210).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  78a.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids); 25 Pa. Code §  245.521 (relating to performance standards for aboveground storage tanks); 25 Pa. Code §  245.531 (relating to general corrosion and deterioration requirements); 25 Pa. Code §  245.552 (relating to in-service inspections); 25 Pa. Code §  245.553 (relating to out-of-service inspections); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.612 (relating to performance and design standards).

RELEASE PREVENTION AND LEAK DETECTION


§ 245.541. Overfill prevention requirements.

 (a)  Owners and operators shall ensure that releases due to spilling or overfilling do not occur. The owner and operator shall ensure that the volume available in the aboveground storage tank is greater than the volume of product to be transferred to the tank before the transfer is made and that the transfer operation is monitored constantly to prevent overfilling and spilling. Immediate action shall be taken to stop the flow of regulated substance prior to exceeding tank capacity or in the event that an equipment failure occurs.

 (b)  Aboveground storage tanks shall be installed with the following:

   (1)  A gauge or monitoring device which accurately indicates the level or volume in the tank and is visible to the individual responsible for the transfer of product. The monitoring device shall be installed, calibrated and maintained in accordance with manufacturer’s specifications.

   (2)  A high-level alarm with an automatic high-level cut-off device or a high-level alarm with a manned operator shutdown procedure in operation. The shutdown procedure must be in writing and shall be provided to the Department upon request.

 (c)  Existing aboveground storage tanks must have a gauge or monitoring device installed by October 11, 2000.

 (d)  An existing aboveground storage tank which is taken out of service to perform a scheduled out-of-service inspection or a major modification to the tank shall be upgraded with a high-level alarm with a cut-off device or a high-level alarm with a manned operator shutdown procedure prior to being put back in service.

 (e)  An existing aboveground storage tank system which has not been required to be taken out of service to perform a scheduled inspection or modification must have overfill protection consistent with National industry standards.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.541 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (384210) and (331107).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.521 (relating to performance standards for aboveground storage tanks).

§ 245.542. Containment requirements for aboveground storage tank systems.

 (a)  Containment structures must be compatible with the substance stored and minimize deterioration to the aboveground storage tank system.

 (b)  Containment areas shall be designed, maintained and constructed in accordance with sound engineering practices adhering to Nationally recognized codes of practice and in compliance with State and Federal requirements.

 (c)  Secondary containment under the aboveground storage tank bottom and around underground piping must be designed to direct any release to a monitoring point to meet leak detection requirements. Secondary containment shall be provided on a new tank at installation, and shall be provided on an existing tank at reconstruction or relocation of the tank or when the tank floor is replaced (See API 650 Appendix I). Permeability of the secondary containment must be less than 1 x 10-7 cm/sec at anticipated hydrostatic head and shall be verified at the time of installation.

 (d)  Aboveground storage tanks must have emergency containment structures, such as dike fields, curbing and containment collection systems, which contain releases from overfills, leaks and spills.

   (1)  Permeability of newly installed or replacement emergency containment structures or emergency containment structures for aboveground storage tanks installed after October 11, 1997, must be less than 1 x 10-6 cm/sec at anticipated hydrostatic head and be of sufficient thickness to prevent the released substance from penetrating the containment structure for a minimum of 72 hours, and until the release can be detected and recovered.

   (2)  Emergency containment structures for aboveground storage tanks installed on or before October 11, 1997, must meet one of the following standards:

     (i)   The standards for new emergency containment structures for aboveground storage tanks in paragraph (1).

     (ii)   Verification by a professional engineer that the emergency containment structure, coupled with the tank monitoring program and response plan, is capable of detecting and recovering a release and is designed to prevent contamination of the waters of this Commonwealth. Verification may be conducted in a manner consistent with the Department’s technical document entitled ‘‘Verification of Emergency Containment Structures for Aboveground Storage Tanks’’ or in a manner at least as protective of public health and safety and the environment and which meets all statutory and regulatory requirements. Verification of earthen structures should include determination of the containment structure permeability following Nationally recognized testing methods.

   (3)  Verification of the containment structure is valid until conditions at the site, monitoring program, response plan or procedures change.

   (4)  Transfers of regulated substances to an aboveground storage tank within the emergency containment shall be monitored by designated personnel for the duration of the transfer.

 (e)  Emergency containment areas, such as dike fields, must be able to contain 110% of the capacity of the largest aboveground storage tank in the containment area.

 (f)  Water shall be removed from the emergency containment area as soon as possible. Water shall be removed from the containment before it comes in contact with the aboveground storage tank or piping and before it reduces the capacity of containment by 10% or more. Manually operated pumps or siphons and manually operated gravity drains may be used to empty the containment. If drain valves are used they shall be secured in the closed position when not in use. Discharge or disposal of substances from the containment structure must comply with applicable State and Federal requirements.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.542 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (331107) to (331109).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.521 (relating to performance standards for aboveground storage tanks); 25 Pa. Code §  245.552 (relating to in-service inspections); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.553 (relating to out-of-service inspections).

§ 245.543. Leak detection requirements.

 (a)  Aboveground storage tank systems shall be provided with a method of leak detection at installation that is capable of detecting a release. The leak detection method shall be monitored at least monthly and shall be installed, calibrated, operated and maintained in accordance with industry practices and manufacturer’s specifications.

   (1)  The area beneath the aboveground storage tank bottom shall be monitored for leakage by visual, mechanical or electronic leak detection methods.

   (2)  Observation wells outside of the secondary containment structure do not satisfy the leak detection requirements.

 (b)  Existing aboveground storage tank systems with secondary containment shall implement a monthly leak detection method as required by subsection (a). Monthly visual inspections shall be an acceptable method of leak detection.

 (c)  Existing aboveground storage tanks without secondary containment under the bottom of the tank that are in contact with the soil, such as vertical flat bottom tanks, that do not have cathodic protection or an internal lining shall be leak tested at the next scheduled in-service inspection consistent with subsection (d) and continue to be leak tested at each in-service inspection thereafter, until the tank is upgraded.

 (d)  Tank leak test must follow a Nationally recognized procedure that is based on a volumetric/mass measurement, an acoustic measurement or a soil-vapor monitoring method. The test shall be performed by a third-party inspector or a technician who has experience with the selected method and is qualified by the test equipment manufacturer or certified by the relevant industry association and is not an employee of the tank owner.

 (e)  Aboveground piping shall be visually checked for leaks in accordance with the facility operations and maintenance plan.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.543 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (331109) to (331110).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.521 (relating to performance standards for aboveground storage tanks); 25 Pa. Code §  245.552 (relating to in-service inspections); 25 Pa. Code §  245.553 (relating to out-of-service inspections); and 25 Pa. Code §  252.3 (relating to scope).

ABOVEGROUND STORAGE TANK INSPECTIONS


§ 245.551. General requirements for third-party inspections.

 (a)  Aboveground storage tank owners and operators shall have their aboveground storage tank systems inspected by a Department-certified aboveground storage tank inspector at frequencies in this subchapter. Inspections will check for compliance with State and Federal requirements and adherence to current codes of practice developed by Nationally recognized associations, tank manufacturer’s instructions and design engineer’s specifications.

 (b)  Only Department-certified inspectors, certified for the applicable inspector certification category, shall be used to satisfy requirements for:

   (1)  In-service inspections.

   (2)  Out-of-service inspections.

   (3)  Installation and modification inspections.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.551 amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (331110).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.113 (relating to certified inspector experience and qualifications); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.562 (relating to temporary removal from service (out-of-service)).

§ 245.552. In-service inspections.

 (a)  The in-service inspection must follow the guidelines of a Nationally recognized association such as API 653, API 570 and applicable engineering criteria (See § §  245.524(b), 245.542(d)(2) and 245.543(d) (relating to aboveground tank modifications; containment requirements for aboveground storage tank systems; and leak detection requirements).)

 (b)  The in-service inspection must evaluate the following:

   (1)  Containment areas.

   (2)  Foundation.

   (3)  Tank shell.

   (4)  Tank roof.

   (5)  Appurtenances.

   (6)  Ancillary equipment including piping.

   (7)  Leak detection method.

   (8)  Cathodic protection system, if installed.

   (9)  Tank system integrity and suitability for service.

 (c)  Inspection information shall be submitted to the Department on a form provided by the Department and include the results of the evaluation in subsection (b) and the following:

   (1)  A determination of the corrosion rate of the shell and piping.

   (2)  A calculation of the life of the tank shell and piping based on corrosion rate.

   (3)  The next inspection schedule based on the API 653 calculated service life method or 1/4 of the corrosion rate life with a maximum of 5 years between inspections. Other site-specific conditions, for example, maintenance practices, previous repairs, the nature of the substance stored or soil conditions that may affect corrosion rate life or tank system integrity and should be considered when projecting tank service life and the next inspection interval.

   (4)  The recommendations for maintaining tank system integrity.

 (d)  Except as provided in paragraphs (5) and (6), inspection intervals for in-service inspections are as follows:

   (1)  Aboveground storage tanks shall be initially inspected within 5 years of installation.

   (2)  Aboveground storage tanks shall have an in-service inspection within 1/4 of the corrosion rate life with a maximum of 5 years from the previous inspection or installation.

   (3)  An out-of-service inspection may replace an in-service inspection.

   (4)  An in-service inspection interval, if agreed upon by the Department, may be delayed under §  245.562 (relating to temporary removal from service (out-of-service)) for an aboveground storage tank that is temporarily removed from service. Prior to placing product in the aboveground storage tank, the delayed inspection shall be conducted, deficiencies noted during inspection shall be addressed and remedied, and an amended registration form shall be completed and submitted to the Department.

   (5)  Aboveground storage tanks in underground vaults shall have in-service inspections conducted as follows:

     (i)   Aboveground storage tanks with a capacity greater than 5,000 gallons shall have in-service inspections conducted within 6 and 12 months of installation and at least every 3 years thereafter.

     (ii)   Aboveground storage tanks storing highly hazardous substances with a capacity greater than 1,100 gallons shall have in-service inspections conducted within 6 and 12 months of installation and at least every 3 years thereafter.

     (iii)   More frequent in-service inspections may be required by the Department when a prior inspection identifies corrosion, deterioration or other violations of this subchapter.

   (6)  Existing aboveground storage tanks in underground vaults with scheduled in-service inspections after December 21, 2021, shall be inspected by the next currently scheduled in-service inspection date, unless notified otherwise by the Department. Subsequent in-service inspections shall be conducted in accordance with this section.

 (e)  Inspection recommendations shall be addressed and deficiencies remedied. When modifications or repairs are necessary to correct deficiencies, they shall be made in accordance with manufacturer’s specifications and engineering design criteria (See § §  245.522(a) and (b), 245.524(b)(2), 245.532(b) and (c) and 245.534(c).) The Department may require submission and review of all documentation relating to these remedies. Required tank handling activities are reported to the Department by the certified installer. Tank handling activities involving major modifications shall also be inspected by a certified aboveground storage tank inspector and reported to the Department.

 (f)  The complete inspection report shall be kept at the facility until the next out-of-service inspection is completed.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.552 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (331110) to (331112).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.113 (relating to certified inspector experience and qualifications); 25 Pa. Code §  245.526 (relating to piping for aboveground storage tanks); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.562 (relating to temporary removal from service (out-of-service)).

§ 245.553. Out-of-service inspections.

 (a)  Inspections must follow the guidelines of a Nationally recognized association such as API 653, API 570 or ASME and applicable engineering criteria (see § §  245.524(b), 245.534(c), 245.542(d)(2) and 245.543(d).)

 (b)  The out-of-service inspection shall evaluate the following:

   (1)  Containment areas.

   (2)  Foundation and supports.

   (3)  Tank shell.

   (4)  Tank roof.

   (5)  Tank bottom.

   (6)  Appurtenances.

   (7)  Ancillary equipment including piping.

   (8)  Leak detection method.

   (9)  Cathodic protection system, if installed.

   (10)  Internal linings and coatings, if installed.

   (11)  Aboveground storage tank system integrity and suitability for service.

 (c)  The aboveground storage tank bottom evaluation of metallic floors must be based on ultrasonic testing and visual examination and include at least one other method of nondestructive examination such as magnetic flux tests or vacuum tests of bottom lap welds (see API 653 and ASTM metallography—nondestructive testing Vol. 03.03). The ultrasonic evaluation must be statistically representative of the whole floor, excluding the release prevention barrier or secondary containment on double bottom tanks.

 (d)  Inspection information shall be submitted to the Department on a form provided by the Department and include the results of subsection (b) and the following:

   (1)  A determination of the corrosion rate for tank shell, bottom plates and piping.

   (2)  A calculation of the tank life and piping life based on the corrosion rate.

   (3)  The schedule for next out-of-service inspection, based on the API 653 calculated service life method or 1/2 of the corrosion rate life, with a maximum of 20 years between inspections. Other site-specific conditions, for example, maintenance practices, previous repairs, internal linings, the nature of the substance stored or soil conditions that may affect corrosion rate life and should be considered when projecting tank service life and the next inspection interval.

   (4)  The recommendations for maintaining aboveground storage tank system integrity and meeting performance standards.

 (e)  Inspection intervals for out-of-service inspections are as follows:

   (1)  Aboveground storage tanks shall be initially inspected based on measured corrosion rates. When the corrosion rate is unknown, such as with new tank bottoms, the tank’s actual bottom thickness shall be determined by inspection within 10 years of installation to determine the corrosion rate.

   (2)  Aboveground storage tanks shall have an out-of-service inspection at their API 653 calculated service life or 1/2 of the corrosion rate life, with a maximum of 20 years from the last out-of-service inspection.

   (3)  If agreed upon by the Department, an out-of-service inspection interval may be delayed under §  245.562 (relating to temporary removal from service (out-of-service)) for a tank that is temporarily removed from service. Prior to placing product in the tank, the delayed inspection shall be conducted, deficiencies noted during inspection shall be addressed and remedied, and an amended registration form shall be completed and submitted to the Department.

 (f)  Deficiencies noted during the inspection shall be remedied before the aboveground storage tank system is returned to service. Modifications or repairs performed on the aboveground storage tank system shall be made in accordance with manufacturer’s specifications or an engineer’s design criteria (see § §  245.522(a) and (b), 245.524(b)(2) and 245.532(b) and (c) (relating to new aboveground storage tank installations and reconstructions; aboveground tank modifications; and cathodic protection systems).) The Department may require submission of and review documentation relating to these remedies. Required tank handling activities shall be reported to the Department by the certified installer. Tank handling activities involving major modifications shall also be inspected by a certified aboveground storage tank inspector and reported to the Department.

 (g)  Aboveground storage tanks which can be completely inspected from the exterior are excluded from out-of-service inspections, except for tanks that are internally lined.

 (h)  The completed inspection report for out-of-service inspections shall be kept with the facility records under §  245.516 (relating to recordkeeping requirements).

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.553 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (331112) to (331114).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.113 (relating to certified inspector experience and qualifications); 25 Pa. Code §  245.526 (relating to piping for aboveground storage tanks); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.562 (relating to temporary removal from service (out-of-service)).

§ 245.554. Installation and modification inspections.

 (a)  Aboveground storage tank systems shall be inspected by a Department-certified inspector at the time of installation in accordance with §  245.522 (relating to new aboveground storage tank installations and reconstructions), and current Nationally recognized association’s code of practice and manufacturer’s specifications.

 (b)  Major modifications shall be inspected by a Department-certified inspector at the time of modification under §  245.524 (relating to aboveground tank modifications) and current codes of practice developed by Nationally recognized associations prior to being put back in service. When modifications are made to the tank floor, the next inspection date projections shall be determined based on the condition of the tank subsequent to those modifications and reported to the Department by the certified inspector on the appropriate inspection form provided by the Department. Other site-specific conditions, for example, maintenance practices, previous repairs, the nature of the substance stored or soil conditions that may affect corrosion rate life or aboveground storage tank system integrity should be considered when projecting tank service life and the next inspection interval.

 (c)  Aboveground storage tanks which are relocated or reconstructed shall be inspected by a Department-certified inspector and tested for tightness in accordance with §  245.522 and current codes of practice developed by Nationally recognized associations prior to being put in service.

 (d)  The completed inspection report for installation and modification inspections shall be retained with the facility records under §  245.516 (relating to recordkeeping requirements).

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.554 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (331114).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.113 (relating to certified inspector experience and qualifications); 25 Pa. Code §  245.521 (relating to performance standards for standards for aboveground storage tanks); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.562 (relating to temporary removal from service (out-of-service)).

CLOSURE AND REMOVAL FROM SERVICE REQUIREMENTS


§ 245.561. Permanent closure or change-in-service.

 Before permanent closure or change-in-service is completed, the owner and operator shall comply with the following:

   (1)  At least 30 days before beginning either a permanent closure or change-in-service, or within a lesser time as determined by the Department, the owner and operator shall notify the Department of their intent to permanently close or perform a change-in-service, unless the action is in response to a corrective action or waived by the Department.

   (2)  The owner shall complete and submit an amended tank registration form, signed by the owner and the certified installer that provided direct onsite supervision of the tank handling activity, to the Department within 30 days of either of the following:

     (i)   The completion of permanent closure.

     (ii)   Change-in-service of the tank.

   (3)  The owner and operator shall complete a site assessment to measure for the presence of any release from the aboveground storage tank system and a closure report. The assessment of the site shall be made after the notification to the Department and may be conducted in a manner consistent with the Department’s technical document entitled ‘‘Closure Requirements for Aboveground Storage Tank Systems’’ or in a manner at least as protective of public health and safety and the environment and which meets all statutory and regulatory requirements. The results of the site assessment and the closure report shall be retained for 3 years.

   (4)  If contaminated soil, sediment, surface water or groundwater, or free product is discovered or confirmed by either direct observation or indicated by the analytical results of sampling, the owner and operator shall proceed with the corrective action as required in Subchapter D (relating to corrective action process for owners and operators of storage tanks and storage tank facilities and other responsible parties) or, if applicable, in accordance with remedial action agreements.

   (5)  Regulated substance and contents removed from the aboveground storage tank system shall be reused, treated or disposed of in a manner consistent with applicable State and Federal waste management requirements.

   (6)  Aboveground storage tank systems shall be cleaned, rendered free of hazardous vapors and ventilated if left onsite or shall be emptied and removed from the site in a manner consistent with current industry practices and Bureau of Waste Management requirements such as Chapters 263a and 299 (relating to transporters of hazardous waste; and storage and transportation of residual waste).

   (7)  Aboveground storage tanks permanently closed and left onsite shall be legibly marked with the date of permanent closure.

   (8)  The appropriate State agency, county and local jurisdiction shall be notified if the tank is under a fire marshal, flammable and combustible liquids or other State agency, county or local jurisdiction permit.

   (9)  Aboveground storage tanks that are closed in place shall:

     (i)   Be rendered inoperable and incapable of storing liquid substance.

     (ii)   Be secured against unauthorized entry.

     (iii)   Meet the requirements specified in paragraphs (1)—(8).

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.561 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (331115) to (331116).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.516 (relating to recordkeeping requirements); 25 Pa. Code §  245.562 (relating to temporary removal from service (out-of-service)); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.617 (relating to temporary removal from service (out-of-service)).

§ 245.562. Temporary removal from service (out-of-service).

 (a)  The owner and operator shall complete and submit an amended registration form to the Department within 30 days after the change in tank status.

 (b)  An aboveground storage tank system shall be emptied and regulated substances and contents shall be reused, treated or disposed of in accordance with State and Federal requirements.

 (c)  An aboveground storage tank shall be secured against unauthorized entry and all piping entering or exiting the tank, excluding vents, shall be capped or blinded.

 (d)  Aboveground storage tank system integrity shall be maintained throughout the temporary removal from service time and the tank shall be protected against flotation.

 (e)  Inspection requirements shall be maintained as specified in § §  245.551—245.554 (relating to aboveground storage tank inspections). In-service and out-of-service inspection intervals may be delayed for a tank that is temporarily removed from service. The delayed inspections shall be conducted prior to placing regulated substance in a tank and returning the tank to operating status. Deficiencies noted during inspection shall be addressed and remedied and an amended registration form submitted to the Department prior to returning the tank to operating status.

 (f)  Aboveground storage tanks shall be permanently closed within 5 years of being placed temporarily out-of-service unless the owner requests in writing an extension to the temporary out-of-service period and the Department approves the request.

 (g)  The Department may impose conditions and require submission of documentation when reviewing and approving a request for an extension of the temporary out-of-service period, including:

   (1)  Requirements for inspection under § §  245.552 and 245.553 (relating to in-service inspections; and out-of-service inspections).

   (2)  Site assessment under §  245.561 (relating to permanent closure or change-in-service).

   (3)  Other considerations determined by the Department to be necessary to ensure the integrity of the aboveground storage tank.

Source

   The provisions of this §  245.562 amended November 9, 2007, effective November 10, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 5979; amended December 21, 2018, effective December 22, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 7875. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (331116).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  245.552 (relating to in-service inspections); and 25 Pa. Code §  245.553 (relating to out-of-service inspections).



No part of the information on this site may be reproduced for profit or sold for profit.

This material has been drawn directly from the official Pennsylvania Code full text database. Due to the limitations of HTML or differences in display capabilities of different browsers, this version may differ slightly from the official printed version.