Subchapter G. RESIDUAL WASTE


GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec.


271.601.    Scope.

ADDITIONAL APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS


271.611.    Chemical analysis of waste.
271.612.    Source reduction strategy.
271.613.    Waste analysis plan.

ADDITIONAL OPERATION REQUIREMENTS


271.621.    Frequency of analysis.
271.622.    Additional analysis.

Cross References

   This subchapter cited in §  271.801 (relating to scope).

GENERAL PROVISIONS


§ 271.601. Scope.

 (a)  This subchapter applies to municipal waste processing or disposal facilities that apply to receive residual waste for processing or disposal. Section 271.611 (relating to chemical analysis of waste) also applies to an application for a general permit for the beneficial use or processing of municipal waste under Subchapter I (relating to beneficial use). This subchapter does not apply to:

   (1)  Transfer facilities except as otherwise required in writing by the Department.

   (2)  The disposal at permitted municipal waste landfills of residual waste from a person or municipality that generates a total quantity of 2,200 pounds or less of residual waste per generating location in each month, if the application demonstrates to the Department’s satisfaction that the waste is not hazardous.

   (3)  The disposal at permitted municipal waste landfills of an individual type of residual waste from a person or municipality that generates a total of 2,200 pounds or less of that type of residual waste per generating location in each month, if approved by the Department in writing.

 (b)  The requirements of this subchapter are in addition to the application and operating requirements in this article.

 (c)  The Department may require analyses under this subchapter for special handling waste other than sewage sludge, regulated medical waste, chemotherapeutic waste and ash residue from a resource recovery facility.

Source

   The provisions of this §  271.601 adopted July 2, 1992, effective July 4, 1992, 22 Pa. B. 3389; amended January 24, 1997, effective January 25, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 521; amended November 7, 2014, effective November 8, 2014, 44 Pa.B. 7021. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (272894) to (272895).

ADDITIONAL APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS


§ 271.611. Chemical analysis of waste.

 (a)  Application form.

   (1)  Except as provided in subsection (f), an application for the processing or disposal of residual waste or special handling waste, an application for a general permit for the beneficial use or processing of municipal waste under Subchapter I (relating to beneficial use), or an application or registration under §  271.831 (relating to contents of general permits) for inclusion in a general permit issued under Subchapter I, shall contain the following information for each waste on a form provided by the Department:

     (i)   The name and location of the generator of the waste.

     (ii)   A detailed analysis that fully characterizes the physical properties and chemical composition of the waste. This analysis shall include available information from material safety data sheets or similar sources that may help characterize the physical properties and chemical composition of the waste.

     (iii)   An evaluation of the ability of the waste and the constituents in the waste to leach into the environment.

     (iv)   A determination of whether the waste is hazardous under Chapter 261, Subchapters A—D (Reserved).

     (v)   If the waste will be disposed at a municipal waste landfill or construction/demolition waste landfill, a demonstration that the waste meets the requirements for disposal at the facility.

   (2)  More than one type of waste from a single generator may be included on a single application, if the information required by this section is separately included for each type of waste.

   (3)  The analysis required by this subsection shall include a waste sampling plan, including quality assurance and quality control procedures. The plan shall ensure an accurate and representative sampling of the waste.

   (4)  The Department may, in writing, waive or modify the evaluation required by this subsection for waste to be received at permitted facilities if the following conditions are met:

     (i)   The applicant has submitted a description of the process by which the waste was generated, a physical description of the waste and a certification that the waste is not hazardous.

     (ii)   The applicant has demonstrated to the Department’s satisfaction that additional analysis is not necessary to determine that waste can be received at the facility without adversely affecting the effectiveness of waste processing operations and established emission and wastewater discharge limits.

     (iii)   The applicant has demonstrated to the Department’s satisfaction that additional analysis is not necessary to determine that waste can be received at the facility without adversely affecting the effectiveness of the liner or leachate treatment systems at a landfill, the attenuating soil base at a construction/demolition waste landfill or established emission and wastewater discharge limits.

 (b)  Waste generation. Except as provided in subsection (e), an application shall also include a description of the waste generation process, including a description of the raw materials used in the process, the primary chemical reactions which occur during the process, the sequence of events which occur during the process, the points of waste generation in the process and the manner in which each of the wastes is managed subsequent to its generation. A schematic drawing of the process shall be included.

 (c)  Methodologies. The analytical methodologies used to meet the requirements of subsection (a) shall be those in the most recent edition of the EPA’s “Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste” (SW-846), “Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes” (EPA 600/4-79-020), “Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater,” prepared and published jointly by the American Public Health Association, American Waterworks Association, and Water Pollution Control Federation or a comparable method subsequently approved by the EPA or the Department.

 (d)  Quality control. The person taking the samples and the laboratory performing the analysis required by subsection (a) shall employ the quality assurance/quality control procedures described in the EPA’s “Handbook for Analytical Quality Control in Water and Wastewater Laboratories” (EPA 600/4-79-019) or “Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste” (SW-846). The laboratory’s quality control procedures, as well as the documentation of the use of those procedures, shall be included in the application unless waived by the Department.

 (e)  Generator information. An applicant may submit information received from a person or municipality under §  287.54 (relating to chemical analysis of waste) to meet the corresponding requirements of this section.

 (f)  Waiver. The Department may, in writing, waive the requirements of this section for special handling waste, waive or modify the requirements of this section for general permits issued under Subchapter I and waive or modify the chemical analysis requirements under §  271.103 (relating to permit-by-rule for municipal waste processing facilities other than for regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste; qualifying facilities; general requirements).

Source

   The provisions of this §  271.611 adopted July 2, 1992, effective July 4, 1992, 22 Pa. B. 3389; amended January 24, 1997, effective January 25, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 521; amended December 22, 2000, effective December 23, 2000, 30 Pa.B. 6685; amended November 7, 2014, effective November 8, 2014, 44 Pa.B. 7021. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (272895) to (272897).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  271.103 (relating to permit-by-rule for municipal waste processing facilities other than for regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste; qualifying facilities; general requirements); 25 Pa. Code §  271.601 (relating to scope); 25 Pa. Code §  271.613 (relating to waste analysis plan); 25 Pa. Code §  271.821 (relating to application for general permit); and 25 Pa. Code §  271.841 (relating to inclusion in a general permit).

§ 271.612. Source reduction strategy.

 An application for the processing or disposal of residual waste shall contain a copy of the source reduction strategy required by §  287.53 (relating to source reduction strategy) for each residual waste to be received at the facility.

Source

   The provisions of this §  271.612 adopted July 2, 1992, effective July 4, 1992, 22 Pa. B. 3389; amended December 22, 2000, effective December 23, 2000, 30 Pa.B. 6685. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (226032).

§ 271.613. Waste analysis plan.

 (a)  The application shall include a waste analysis plan for each type of waste proposed to be received at the permitted facility. The plan shall take into account the waste analysis required by §  271.611 (relating to chemical analysis of waste). The plan shall include:

   (1)  The parameters for which each residual waste will be analyzed and the rationale for the selection of these parameters.

   (2)  The test methods that will be used to test for these parameters. The test methods shall be the same as those used under §  271.611.

   (3)  An explanation of the sampling methods that will be used to obtain an accurate and representative sample of the waste to be analyzed, including quality assurance and quality control procedures.

   (4)  The frequency with which the initial analysis of the waste will be reviewed or repeated to ensure that the analysis is accurate and up-to-date. The rationale for the frequency shall also be explained.

 (b)  The application shall also include a plan for screening and managing incoming waste to ensure that the management of the waste is consistent with the permit and this article. Except as otherwise required by the Department, the application shall include at a minimum a plan for checking each load of waste received at the facility for color, odor, texture, physical state and phases of waste.

 (c)  The application shall describe how rejected waste will be managed, including responsible persons or municipalities and the method by which an alternative processing or disposal facility will be selected.

Source

   The provisions of this §  271.613 adopted July 2, 1992, effective July 4, 1992, 22 Pa. B. 3389; amended December 22, 2000, effective December 23, 2000, 30 Pa.B. 6685. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (226032) to (226033).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  271.621 (relating to frequency of analysis); 25 Pa. Code §  271.622 (relating to additional analysis); 25 Pa. Code §  273.140a (relating to radiation protection action plans); 25 Pa. Code §  277.140 (relating to radiation protection action plan); 25 Pa. Code §  279.110 (relating to radiation protection action plan); 25 Pa. Code §  281.119 (relating to radiation protection action plan); and 25 Pa. Code §  283.113 (relating to radiation protection action plan).

ADDITIONAL OPERATION REQUIREMENTS


§ 271.621. Frequency of analysis.

 The operator shall conduct and maintain analyses of the waste under §  271.613 (relating to waste analysis plan) onsite for a minimum of 5 years after the analyses are performed. These records shall be made available to representatives of the Department on request.

Source

   The provisions of this §  271.621 adopted July 2, 1992, effective July 4, 1992, 22 Pa. B. 3389.

§ 271.622. Additional analysis.

 A person or municipality shall submit to the Department additional analyses under §  271.613 (relating to waste analysis plan) if there is a significant change in the quality of the waste.

Source

   The provisions of this §  271.622 adopted July 2, 1992, effective July 4, 1992, 22 Pa. B. 3389.



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