§ 447.4. Criteria.

 (a)  A student walking route shall be considered hazardous if any one of the following three conditions exist:

   (1)  Two or more pedestrian-related accidents have occurred during the last 3 years while the pedestrians were walking along the student walking route during hours students are normally going to or from school.

   (2)  It is necessary for a student to cross a roadway; either daily or intermittently, at a location where vehicular traffic is not controlled by either traffic control signals or a stop sign, or where students are not protected by an adult crossing guard; provided vehicular traffic on roadway is in excess of the values given in the table below for any 15-minute period during which students are enroute to or from school:

TABLE I


Roadway
Width (ft)*
For Elementary Students
Number of Vehicles
For Secondary Students
Number of Vehicles
20 or less155175
24130150
30100120
3680100
484060


 * If the roadway is divided by a raised median which is at least 8 feet wide and has nonmountable curbs, the roadway should be considered as two separate roadways.

   (3) It is necessary for students to cross a railroad-highway grade crossing which has two or more tracks and the following three qualifications are met:

     (i)   Trains normally—not necessarily with regularity—use the crossing at the time the students cross the tracks going to or from school.

     (ii)   The crossing is not protected by a flashing light signal or a crossing guard.

     (iii)   The speed of the trains and the available sight distance are such that students walking at a speed of 3.5 feet per second cannot safely cross the tracks.

 (b)  A student walking route shall be considered hazardous if a sidewalk does not exist and either paragraph (1) or (2) applies:

   (1)  The shoulders are less than 4 feet wide and for either:

     (i)   Elementary students, the roadway surface is less than 20 feet wide and one or more trucks with three or more axles, not including garbage trucks or other types of trucks making house-to-house stops, normally use the roadway during the time the elementary students are enroute to or from school.

     (ii)   Streets and highways with an average traffic volume of at least ten vehicles per hour during the time students are walking, a 3.5-foot tall elementary school student or a 4.5-foot tall secondary student is not visible by approaching drivers from at least the following minimum distances:

TABLE II


Safe-running SpeedMinimum Distance (ft.)
30 or less200
35240
40275
45315
50350
55410


   (2)  The normal vehicular traffic volume during any 15-minute period that students are enroute to or from school exceeds the following values for the appropriate safe-running speed range:

     (i)   Safe-running speed is 35 mph or less:

Shoulder WidthFor Elementary
Students
Number of Vehicles For Secondary Students Only
less than 4 ft.30 45
4 ft.—6 ft.60100

   (ii) Safe-running speed is over 35 mph:

Shoulder WidthFor Elementary
Students
Number of Vehicles For Secondary Students Only
less than 4 ft.2030
4 ft.—6 ft.4065

Source

   The provisions of this §  447.4 adopted August 1, 1980, effective August 2, 1980, 10 Pa.B. 3191; amended August 7, 1981, effective August 8, 1981, 11 Pa.B. 2777.

Cross References

   This section cited in 67 Pa. Code §  447.3 (relating to general policy).

APPENDIX A


Engineering DistrictCounty
Engineering District 1-0
255 Elm Street
P. O. Box 398
Oil City, Pennsylvania 16301
Crawford
Erie
Forest
Mercer
Venango
Warren
Engineering District 2-0
1924-30 Daisy Street
P. O. Box 342
Clearfield, Pennsylvania 16830
Cameron
Centre
Clearfield
Clinton
Elk
Juniata
McKean
Mifflin
Potter
Engineering District 3-0
715 Jordan Avenue
P. O. Box 218
Montoursville, Pennsylvania 17754
Bradford
Columbia
Lycoming
Montour
Northumberland
Snyder
Sullivan
Tioga
Union
Engineering District 4-0
55 Keystone Industrial Park
Dunmore, Pennsylvania 18512
Lackawanna
Luzerne
Pike
Susquehanna
Wayne
Wyoming
Engineering District 5-0
1002 Hamilton Street
Allentown, Pennsylvania 18101
Berks
Carbon
Lehigh
Monroe
Northampton
Schuylkill
Engineering District 6-0
7000 Geerdes Boulevard
King of Prussia, Pennsylvania 19406
Bucks
Chester
Delaware
Montgomery
Philadelphia
Engineering District 8-0
2140 Herr Street
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 17103-1699
Adams
Cumberland
Dauphin
Franklin
Lancaster
Lebanon
Perry
York
Engineering District 9-0
1620 North Juniata Street
Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania 16648
Bedford
Blair
Cambria
Fulton
Huntingdon
Somerset
Engineering District 10-0
2550 Oakland Avenue
P. O. Box 429
Indiana, Pennsylvania 15701-0429
Armstrong
Butler
Clarion
Indiana
Jefferson
Engineering District 11-0
45 Thoms Run Road
Bridgeville, Pennsylvania 15017
Allegheny
Beaver
Lawrence
Engineering District 12-0
825 N. Gallatin Avenue Extension
P. O. Box 459
Uniontown, Pennsylvania 15401
Fayette
Green
Washington
Westmoreland



Source

   The provisions of this Appendix A amended September 2, 2011, effective September 3, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 4772.

Cross References

   This Appendix A cited in 67 Pa. Code §  447.3 (relating to general policy).



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