Rule 585. Nolle Prosequi.

 (A)  Upon motion of the attorney for the Commonwealth, the court may, in open court, order a nolle prosequi of one or more charges notwithstanding the objection of any person.

 (B)  Upon a nolle prosequi, costs may be imposed as the court may direct.

Comment

   Section 8932 of the Judicial Code, 42 Pa.C.S. §  8932, prohibits the district attorney from entering a nolle prosequi without court approval at any time after the filing of an information.

   Before an information is filed, the attorney for the Commonwealth may withdraw one or more of the charges by filing a notice of withdrawal with the clerk of courts. See Rule 561(A). Upon the filing of an information, any charge in the complaint not listed on the information will be deemed withdrawn by the attorney for the Commonwealth. See Rule 561(B). After the information is filed, court approval is required before a nolle prosequi may be entered on a charge listed therein. See 42 Pa.C.S. §  8932.

   In any case in which a summary offense is joined with a misdemeanor, felony, or murder charge: (1) the judge may order a nolle prosequi on all the charges including the summary offense; and (2) if the judge has ordered a nolle prosequi on all the misdemeanor, felony, or murder charges pursuant to this rule, the judge may not remand the summary offense to the issuing authority for disposition, but must dispose of the summary offense in the court of common pleas as required by Rule 589 (Pretrial Disposition of Summary Offenses Joined With Misdemeanor, Felony, or Murder Charges).

   Official Note

   Rule 314 adopted June 30, 1964, effective January 1, 1965; Comment revised February 15, 1974, effective immediately; renumbered Rule 313 and Comment revised June 29, 1977 and November 22, 1977, effective as to cases in which the indictment or information is filed on or after January 1, 1978; Comment revised January 28, 1983, effective July 1, 1983; amended August 12, 1993, effective September 1, 1993; amended August 14, 1995, effective January 1, 1996; renumbered Rule 585 and amended March 1, 2000, effective April 1, 2001; Comment revised March 9, 2006, effective September 1, 2006.

   Committee Explanatory Reports:

   Report explaining the August 12, 1993 amendments published at 22 Pa.B. 3826 (July 25, 1992).

   Final Report explaining the August 14, 1995 amendments published with the Court’s Order at 25 Pa.B. 3468 (August 26, 1995).

   Final Report explaining the March 1, 2000 reorganization and renumbering of the rules published with the Court’s Order at 30 Pa.B. 1478 (March 18, 2000).

   Final Report explaining the March 3, 2006 Comment revision concerning joinder of summary offenses with misdemeanor, felony, or murder charges published with the Court’s Order at 36 Pa.B. 1392 (March 25, 2006).

Source

   The provisions of this Rule 585 amended March 9, 2006, effective September 1, 2006, 36 Pa.B. 1390. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (303689) to (303690).



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